Possibility Of Illness In Newborns?
night. I want to ask, if a pregnant woman takes medication without a doctor’s recommendation (such as headache medicine, etc.) and experiences stress, but when the baby is born, physically the baby looks normal and fine, but is there any possibility that it can affect mentally or psychologically? thank you
Good afternoon, thank you for asking at HealthReplies.com. Psychic, psychological, or mental development has many theories in the world of psychiatry or mental medicine. One of the most famous of them is the theory put forward by Sigmund Freud about the development of personality since 1923. Freud said that from birth, a person's personality has more than one aspect that makes it one unit, namely Id, Ego, and Superego. These three aspects represent the part of human being in the form of instinct, reality and morals.
There is also Jean Piaget's theory of cognitive development which divides the human mental learning process into several stages. Sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational stages and formal operational period. Which starts from birth until about 20 years old.
What we want to say, is that if a child is born fine without any deficiencies, his mental and psychological development will only begin after he is born. The majority of developmental theories do not include life before birth as part of the stage of psychological development.
However, of course, if the brain as one of the most important organs has problems before, during, or shortly after a person is born, then mental development may be affected, as in the case of Cerebral palsy. And this condition can be influenced by anything, such as infections experienced by the mother during pregnancy, infection in the baby's brain after birth, lack of oxygen in the baby, low birth weight, and so on.
Some mental disorders in children such as Autism can increase the risk in mothers who take drugs without a doctor's supervision (especially epilepsy drugs) and alcohol during pregnancy, but not always, because these are only risk factors.
However, the consumption of drugs that are not recommended by a doctor is a dangerous behavior because not all drugs are safe for consumption by pregnant women because they can cause harm in pregnancy and the development of the fetus itself, as well as prolonged stress.
So, to avoid all unwanted possibilities, it is better if babies born to mothers who during pregnancy take drugs without doctor's recommendation, appear to be severely stressed, or are known to often inhale cigarette smoke and drink alcohol, always have their progress checked regularly by a pediatrician. . And while at home, the child's mother must also continue to breastfeed and monitor her development, at least compared to other babies her age. Hopefully answered your question.
dr. Amadeo D. Basfiansa