Possible HIV After One Year Ago Having Sex?
Hello doctor, I want to ask. I had oral sex with my lover about a month ago with a hot inside. Well, two weeks ago my boyfriend had an HIV test and the results were negative, before he had sex with another person a year ago and used safety. Is it possible for HIV to emerge after a year ago having sex even though the test results were negative? thank you
Hello Zio Alfaro,
HIV or human immunodeficiency virus is a virus that can attack the human body and cause interference with the body's immune system. This virus can be found in the amount of body fluids in the form of blood, semen, pre-seminal fluid, rectal fluid, vaginal fluid, and breast milk. HIV can be transmitted through the following methods:
Having vaginal or anal sex without using a condom with an HIV sufferer (frequent cases)
Using syringes that have been used by people with HIV. The virus can last in the syringe for up to 42 days. (frequent cases)
Transmitted from mother to child during labor, pregnancy, or breastfeeding. (quite frequent cases)
Accidentally punctured by a syringe or other sharp objects that have been exposed to HIV. Can occur in medical personnel or non-medical personnel who work in hospitals / health facilities
Oral sex (lesser chance of contracting, rare cases)
Receive blood transfusions or organ transplants from people with HIV (very rare cases because they have been screened before being allowed to be a donor)
Other cases of HIV transmission that have been reported but are very rare are: from bite wounds by HIV sufferers that cause damage to the skin and deep tissue, exposure to HIV sufferers' blood on the skin or mucosa that is open / wound, deep kissing HIV sufferers have bloody sores on the mouth and partner also have sores in the mouth.
HIV is not transmitted from sweat, from water (for example swimming pools), tears, mosquitoes, food / drinks served by people with HIV, shaking hands, hugging, and also toilets. Oral sex can transmit and contract HIV in conditions where there is a lot of canker sores in the mouth, there are sores on the penis, bleeding gums. Although the risk of HIV transmission is small, oral sex can also transmit other sexually transmitted diseases such as herpes simplex.
The only way you know if you have HIV or not is to do a blood test for HIV. The United States CDC recommends testing HIV at least once in people aged 13-64 years. Examination is recommended to be carried out more often in patients at high risk of HIV even though the results of the examination 1 year earlier were negative, for example patients who have same-sex sexual relations, have more than 1 sexual partner, routinely have sexual relations, use illegal drugs, a history of tuberculosis (even though young patients), commercial sex workers.
In HIV testing, the term window period is known, which is the time lag from a viral infection in the body (the virus enters the body) to provide an accurate examination. The HIV window period is generally 90 days, so that after 90 days (3 months) of examination since the time of infection, around 99.9% of patients who are already infected with HIV will give positive results.
So if your partner has more than one sexual partner and feels a high risk of contracting HIV from previous partners there is no harm in repeating HIV testing in 3 months or doing routine HIV tests annually. The use of condoms is of course highly recommended to minimize HIV transmission. Abstinence (not having sex) and having sex with only 1 sexual partner who does not have HIV will certainly reduce your risk of contracting HIV.
The ability of patients to transmit HIV to other people also depends on the viral load in their bodies. The higher the viral load the more infectious it is. Antiviral drugs currently available aim to suppress viral replication, so that viral load will be low so that the risk of infecting others is reduced.
Thus the explanation from me, hopefully useful.