Possible Transmission Of Tuberculosis Through Cutlery?
, my office friend from 2015 he has been diagnosed with lung spots and treated for around 6 months. However, every year the cough returns and is treated again from the beginning for 6 months (every year like this). The peak is now, because the hospital was not good before he finally moved to a hospital that happened to have a specialist TB. After checking, it turns out he is positive for active pulmonary tuberculosis. The doctor advised his wife and child to be examined as well. My question: r n1. Do our colleagues also have to be checked for lung tuberculosis or not, considering that our office is air-conditioned and closed. And during this time we never separated her cutlery. And this incident took place from 2015. r n2. Is it during the treatment that he took more than 6 months, he still transmits the bacteria ?? when is the best time for him to be able to return to work again. R n3. During the treatment period, if he enters, do the food utensils still have to be separated until he is declared healthy by the doctor? R n4. Can he recover completely ?? r nI’m sorry if my question is many. But we need answers to take further action. Thank you so much for your help.
Thank you for asking HealthReplies.com.
Pulmonary tuberculosis (pulmonary TB, spots) is actually not a foreign disease in our country. But indeed, the potential for transmission is quite high, a long treatment period, and the risk of complications that often result in this disease making the scourge quite scary for most people.
Pulmonary TB is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, a type of bacteria, which often enters the body due to inhalation of airway mucus splashes from other sufferers (for example when coughing, sneezing, or spitting carelessly) and then infecting the lungs. This condition is prone to occur in children, the elderly, people who come in close contact with other pulmonary TB sufferers, people who live in densely populated environments, and also people with poor immune system (such as people with HIV / AIDS). Clinically, the easiest symptom observed from patients with pulmonary TB is coughing up phlegm that does not go away. It could also, sufferers experience a variety of other complaints, such as fever and prolonged excessive sweating, weakness, swollen lymph nodes, shortness of breath, chest pain, weight loss, and so on.
Pulmonary TB treatment can be done by giving OAT (anti-TB drugs) for at least 6 months. Periodically, during treatment, doctors will generally monitor the progress of the disease. If the patient responds well to treatment, often pulmonary TB can be completely cured without leaving significant complications. After 2 months through intensive treatment phase, many studies mention that the potential for transmission caused by patients to other people will be greatly reduced. However, if it is found that the condition has not improved, or if there are signs of resistance, it may be that treatment will be carried out with a longer duration, even up to years.
The condition of your coworkers, who often treat pulmonary TB many times, may be caused by:
Poor treatment compliance TB risk factors that have not been well addressed Poor immune system resistant TB drug relapse (relapse), etc. pulmonary TB is actually less likely to be transmitted through the exchange of eating and drinking utensils. However, given that you often come in close contact with sufferers, it is clear that you and your coworkers are at risk of contracting TB. After treatment, your partner is less likely to transmit the disease. However, you can get this potential transmission when your coworker has not undergone TB therapy, or has not even been diagnosed with TB. Therefore, it is far better for you to be careful and take better care of yourself, including by not exchanging cutlery and drinking with sufferers. Early detection of the possibility of TB infection also needs to be done, for example by sputum examination, x-rays, laboratory tests, and so on.
Lung TB patients do not need to be isolated from the environment, including the workplace environment. The risk of transmission can be minimized by reminding sufferers to regularly undergo treatment. In addition, you can also ask your co-worker to use a nose and mouth mask, and not cough, clean and spit carelessly. If your colleague discharged saliva in 1 place, ideally, wash the place with chlorine so that the microorganisms that cause TB die. You can also wear a mask over your nose and mouth to protect yourself from the risk of disease. Also increase your immune system to be more immune to diseases, including infections, by eating nutritious foods, exercising diligently, drinking more water, not smoking, and always living a healthy lifestyle.
That's all our explanation. For more details, please consult directly with your doctor or internist.
I hope this helps.