Prevention Of TB Infection During 37 Weeks Pregnant?
Good night, I am 37w pregnant and my mother-in-law has tuberculosis and lives at home, is there a vaccine for TB prevention for those who have not contracted it? Trms
Hello husnul Thank you for asking HealthReplies.com
Tuberculosis is a contagious lung disease caused by mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. One of the prevention of tuberculosis is with the BCG vaccine but this vaccine is given to infants or children under the age of 2 months. And this vaccine is mandatory, besides this vaccine is also only given once in a lifetime.
In adults, BCG vaccine can also be given if the vaccine has never been done before with several provisions, namely:
Never received a BCG vaccine
Have no previous history of TB disease, or are not suffering from TB
Do not suffer from HIV
Not experiencing diseases such as leukemia or other malignant tumors
Not currently undergoing immunosuppressive treatment
However, for pregnant women the BCG vaccine falls into category C, where the safety for the fetus is unknown. This vaccine should only be given to pregnant women if the benefits outweigh the side effects or disadvantages. Therefore pregnant women and nursing mothers should consult with a doctor before carrying out the BCG vaccine.
The following article is further about: BCG vaccine
But to prevent contracting tuberculosis, there are some things you should know beforehand. Tuberculosis is transmitted through the air, which is when the saliva of a person suffering from tuberculosis is inhaled by other people, for example when the patient is talking, sneezing or coughing, then the germ will come out with saliva and if inadvertently inhaled the bacteria can also enter the body and cause infection. But not all people who breathe in these germs, can be directly infected. If the immune system and immune system are good, these germs can be resisted so that they do not cause you to be infected.
The following article is more about: How to transmit tuberculosis
But if you are at home with TB sufferers and often interact with TB sufferers, then you will have a high risk of contracting. Then you should check your health routine and your fetus. You can consult with your obstetrician to discuss further prevention. You should watch out for this by doing a few things:
Always wear a mask when interacting with TB sufferers
Wash your hands regularly, especially before eating
For your in-laws, you should always use a mask, and cover your mouth when sneezing, coughing, laughing for example with a tissue, then throw the tissue away
For your in-laws, avoid throwing spit and phlegm in any place
Ensure good ventilation in the house and sufficient exposure to sunlight in the house, so that air circulation is maintained. Because tuberculosis germs can have a few hours in the air, and if inhaled other people can cause infection
Avoid sleeping with tuberculosis for at least a few weeks of treatment.
That's all the answers from us, hopefully it's useful