Procedure That Is Performed Before Performing A Kidney Transplant?
, there are some questions related to kidney transplants that I want to convey, 1. As a donor, do you have to have the same blood type as the donor recipient? 2. After donating a kidney, is the remaining kidney in the donor’s body able to do its job for life (without a time limit)? 3. For donor recipient patients, how long will the kidney function last? They say it’s only been 10 years, right? Or is it possible to last and function for a lifetime? Thank you
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Kidney transplantation is a method used to replace a kidney that is not functioning properly with a kidney that still has a good function with a fairly complex surgical process from preparation to treatment after the process both for the recipient and donor. Through this method, the doctor will perform surgery to replace a damaged kidney with a healthy kidney from a donor.
For question number 1, preparation for a kidney transplant requires preparation. Surely the doctor needs to evaluate and examine the donor and recipient of the kidney donor. Of course the blood type between the recipient and donor donor is matched. Not just an examination for blood type. This examination and evaluation is carried out by a doctor at the hospital, after physical examination a blood laboratory and imaging examination (such as X-rays, CT scans or MRI), up to a psychological examination to ensure patient readiness. This process can take several days. The following checks are carried out:
Blood type examination to check whether the blood type of patients and donors is suitable through a blood test. This is done to suppress the body's potential rejection of new kidney organs.
Examination of tissue matching donor tissue with recipient will be examined for human leukocyte antigen (HLA), ie by comparing donor genes with recipients.
Blood matching test (crossmatch). In this last test, both donor and recipient blood will be mixed in the laboratory to check the reaction between recipient blood with the donor in the hope that the results are compatible. both donors and recipients will be asked to fast before the kidney transplant procedure is performed.
Question 2, actually both the recipient and donor of the kidney after doing this process requires special medical treatment will usually be observed within a few days by sahkit. Continue to control health conditions to be evaluated. You are required to control your health regularly to the hospital, maybe two to three times a week. After that the quantity of visits will begin to decrease to two or three months, with a note if you do not have serious health problems after the transplant.
In addition to the above, you are required to live a healthy lifestyle because now there is only one kidney that functions properly in your body. If you are living a healthy lifestyle and the rest of the gin is still functioning properly, then you will probably be able to carry out activities like usual. But the activities carried out also need to be limited not as heavy as before, the following things you need to do after undergoing a kidney transplant:
Changing your diet to be healthier, the diet that should be included in your diet consists of: lots of fruits and vegetables, a little dairy products, a lot of food made from wheat, a little meat, eggs, nuts, and other protein-based foods. Avoid too much consume lots of foods that contain lots of salt and sugar to avoid the risk of high blood pressure and diabetes.
Do not smoke
For question number 3, this kidney donor recipient patient aims to extend the life of the patient or kidney recipient who has kidney failure with the aim of improving his quality of life. Most new kidneys last 1 to 5 years, but some can last up to 15 years. This kidney resistance will depend on how well the kidneys match the body, the source of the kidney, as well as the patient's age and overall health condition.
Further articles on: Kidney Transpalantation
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