Prolonged Cough In A Child Aged 10 Months?

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Hi, I want to ask my 10 month old child who has a cough that doesn’t heal, after I checked with the doctor, he said he was exposed to cigarette smoke, he was given medicine but after 2 days the cough has not gone away. What medicine can cure my child’s cough.

1 Answer:

Hello Noviytaufik, thank you for the question for HealthReplies.com

First of all, I want to confirm in advance how long has your child been coughing? Does your child still get frequent exposure to cigarette smoke or other air pollution?


Cough that lasts a long time in children can be caused by a variety of possibilities. Irritation of the airways due to exposure to cigarette smoke or other air pollution is one of the causes that is quite often found. Some other possible causes:

respiratory tract infection by tuberculosis
sinusitis
allergies (for example due to exposure to certain animals, dust mites, pollen, etc.)
GERD or gastroesophageal reflux disease


Cigarette smoke can cause changes to the cells in the child's airway, causing these cells to not function properly and unable to excrete mucus from the airway properly. This causes a buildup of phlegm in the airways and creates cough symptoms in the child. If your child is often exposed to cigarette smoke since childhood, healing cannot occur in 1-2 days. You must really prevent your child from exposure to cigarette smoke (and other air pollutants such as factory smoke, dust, etc.) to allow time for the airway cells that have changed to return to normal.


Some things you can do to help relieve a child's cough:

Make sure the air in the house and the environment around the child is free from cigarette smoke and pollution
Install a humidifier at home or in the child's room to help moisten the airways and loosen any existing phlegm
You can do steam therapy (nebulizer) for children using a physiological saline solution to help thin sputum. Consult your pediatrician if you want to do this therapy.
Make sure your child gets enough fluids every day (either through breast milk, formula milk, or plain water)
Clean the house and children's bed from dust


If the cough doesn't get better in 1 week or gets worse, you should take your child back to the pediatrician.

So much information from me, hopefully it will be enough to answer

dr. irna cecilia

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