Providing Nutrition For Patients With Thalassemia?
Hello, I have a question. For thalassemia disease and is now 10 years old (no blood transfusion is needed, it’s just that he has thalassemia). I want to provide nutrition but these nutrients have iron and folic acid, and also help iron absorption. Can these nutrients be given to thalassemia?
Thalassemia is a blood disorder that occurs as a result of genetic factors causing the protein in red blood cells (hemoglobin) to not function properly.
For the nutritional needs of thalassemia sufferers who do not undergo blood transfusions, it is recommended to avoid food products that are fortified with iron and avoid consuming too much red meat. To reduce iron absorption, tea can be consumed with meals. Folate supplements are also recommended in this group.
Zinc is a mineral that cannot be stored in the body so we must meet its needs from daily food. Zinc intake can be obtained from nuts.
Vitamin D to absorb minerals in bone and tooth tissue can be obtained from eggs, milk, yogurt, tuna, salmon, cereal, fish oil, and orange juice.
Vitamin E which can protect cells from free radicals. Good sources of vitamin E for thalassemia sufferers are food products that contain healthy fats such as vegetable oils, avocados, dairy products, cereals, nuts, eggs. Dairy products are the right choice of nutritional intake for thalassemia sufferers to reduce excessive iron absorption from food while still providing benefits to the body as a source of calcium to strengthen bones.
Vitamin C is for the growth and repair of cells and protects the body from various infections because vitamin C can maintain the function of the immune system. Sources of vitamin C are obtained from vegetables and fruits such as oranges, strawberries, papaya. However, it must be remembered that if you are in the group of thalassemia sufferers who do not need blood transfusions, do not consume food sources of vitamin C together with foods of iron sources. This is to avoid excessive iron absorption.
In addition, they still have direct examinations and control with the doctor who cares for the child so that they can be given dietary guidelines and examples of daily food menus specifically for thalassemia sufferers.
May be useful,
Dr. Adhi P