Read Urine Test Results?
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Under normal conditions, protein albumin is found in the blood. In a healthy kidney albumin will not pass during the blood filtering process in the kidney to get out of the body along with urine. Impaired kidney filtration causes a number of proteins to escape so that it is found in urine examination.
If protein is found in the urine or albuminuria, it indicates the first sign of trouble in the kidney. Doctors need to make sure the results are valid and not caused by other conditions, for example due to lack of consuming water through complaint interviews and physical examinations. If the doctor suspects a disorder in the kidney then the urine test can be repeated after a time or another additional examination.
Symptoms of albuminuria that persist after the next 3 months indicate that there is indeed a kidney disorder.
In addition, an examination can also be performed to measure the rate of kidney filtration. Renal filtration rate values can describe the filtering function in the kidneys. Other additional tests that can be done such as CT scan or kidney biopsy according to clinical suspicion.
Urobilinogen is a fraction of bilirubin products. Bilirubin is a substance derived from the liver for the process of solving red blood cells. In normal conditions, urobilinogen is found in urine in certain amounts. Excessive urobilinogen levels in the urine indicate disturbance in the liver.
Some of the disorders that cause it include:
- Hemolytic anemia
- Cirrhosis of the liver
- Liver disorders due to consumption of certain drugs
While bilirubin is contained in bile, which is a substance in the liver that helps the body to digest food. Under normal conditions bilirubin will be destroyed in the body (one of which is broken down into urobilinogen), but in the condition of liver disorders, bilirubin will be released into the blood and urine.
Similarly, urobilinogen, if there is an increase in bilirubin in the urine indicates interference in the liver. Increased urobilinogen levels in urine accompanied by normal urine bilirubin values or a slight increase leads to hepatic impairment. But to ensure that confirmation is needed of the specific symptoms felt by the patient as well as examination of the liver function panel of blood specimens to detect liver disorders.
Carry out further consultations with an internist for further treatment plans based on the findings of this examination.
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