Reading The Results Of The CT Scan?
Doctor, I got the results of a CT SCAN and there the conclusion is Pulmonary edema with cardiomegaly, right pleural effusion what is the meaning of that conclusion?
Hello Brother Farway,
The following is a discussion of the results of the CT scan,
Pulmonary edema is a condition where the alveoli of the lungs fill with fluid. Alveoli are small cells that function to exchange oxygen-rich air from the outside with carbon dioxide-rich blood from the body. When filled with fluid, air exchange is not optimal, causing reduced blood oxygen and feeling short of breath. This condition is a complication caused by problems such as heart disease, either problems with the blood vessels, pumping system or heart block.
Cardiomegaly is a condition of enlargement of the heart organ in the form of enlargement of the heart muscle or widening of the heart chambers, generally due to the impact of hypertension (chronic high blood pressure), heart valve disorders, and cardiovascular disease. Enlarged heart conditions can also be caused by the presence of fluid on the outer surface of the heart.
Right pleural effusion is a condition of the presence of fluid between the cavities of the outer surface layer of the right lung, namely in the lower corner (such as the nature of water following gravity) causing the lungs to not freely develop breathing. It can be caused by fluid buildup due to lung infection, heart problems, or liver or kidney problems.
Patients suffering from this disorder should immediately receive treatment from a doctor and even require hospitalization in a hospital. Various examinations are needed to evaluate the condition of other organs such as ECG examination, echocardiography examination, blood hematology examination, liver and kidney function tests. The treatment given is generally such as administering drugs to stimulate fluid expenditure, treatment of other organ problems such as heart medications, antibiotics, or securing the airway with a machine breathing device if there is a respiratory emergency. The healing process is gradual so the family is expected to be patient. Also in the future the patient must be regularly monitored to prevent recurrence. What the family can do is provide support, seek treatment, help supervise taking medication, help remind and accompany during control, avoid fatty, salty foods and limit drinking consumption. Avoid fatigue, multiply bed rest, try to do a lot of activity in bed to reduce the burden on the heart.
The thing to watch out for in this patient is that if the body starts to swell, feels short of breath, chest pain, BAK starts to get a little bit, you must immediately get treatment at the nearest hospital. Hope it is useful