Relationship With Down Syndrome With Mental Retardation?

Illustration of Relationship With Down Syndrome With Mental Retardation?
Illustration: Relationship With Down Syndrome With Mental Retardation? ndss.org

Doctor, please explain whether Down syndrome is the same as mental retardation? If the same, please explain the location of the equation, and vice versa. Thankyou for the response.

1 Answer:

Hello, good morning Rasism ..


Mental retardation is a term for people who have below average intellectual and cognitive abilities. Another term for mental retardation is intellectual disability or mental retardation. People with intellectual disabilities have a slower process of thinking and learning compared to others of his age and are also less skilled to carry out normal daily activities. Signs of mental retardation that can appear early include:

children are late talking, sitting, crawling, or rolling
slow to master basic skills, such as eating alone, wearing clothes, and so on
experiencing behavioral disorders, such as frequent uncontrolled temper tantrums
poor reasoning and difficult to solve problems
poor memory

Causes of mental retardation include:

Brain infections that occur after birth such as meningitis or brain tumors
Mothers get infections during pregnancy
Poor nutrition during pregnancy or preeclampsia
Mothers consume alcohol, illegal drugs, or certain drugs while pregnant
Babies are born prematurely
Babies do not receive enough oxygen during labor
Brain injury due to an accident or fall
Genetic disorders inherited from parents, for example is Down Syndrome


Thus, mental retardation and Down syndrome are two different things, but Down syndrome can be one of the causes of mental retardation, and even Down syndrome is mentioned as the most common cause of mental retardation (intellectual disability), which is around 15-20% of the total population of people with mental retardation . The majority of people with Down syndrome have mild to moderate intellectual disabilities. Nevertheless some people with Down syndrome have severe intellectual disability, and some even show no signs of intellectual disability at all.


Down syndrome is a genetic disorder that causes differences in learning abilities and certain physical characteristics. The physical characteristics include: weight and length of the body born below the average, eyes tilted up and out, small nose and flat bones, small mouth, wide hands and short fingers, short stature, short neck , the tongue protrudes outward, the shape of the ear is not normal or small, between the first and second toes there is a wide distance, and so on. Although it cannot be cured, children with Down syndrome can still grow normally cognitively and socially, even though this process takes longer than normal children.

That's it, hope it helps ..

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