Results Of HIV Examination Using The Rapid Test Method On The 93rd Day After Intercourse?
Hello, there are two things I want to ask. First, what are the types of rapid test kits commonly used in Indonesia? And second, are non-reactive results using the rapid test method (SD Bioline) on the 93rd day after intercourse already considered valid? Thank you.
Hello good afternoon Adnan
There are no definite provisions for the rapid test for HIV testing that is commonly used in Indonesia, however, the rapid test for HIV testing must have the condition that all reagents used must be registered with the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia. Generally the examination is carried out serially using 3 different types of reagents (according to national guidelines)
Regarding your second question, it relates to the so-called "window period". The window period is the time it takes for the HIV virus to form antibodies so that there are enough numbers to show a positive result. This window period is different for each person, and takes a long time, which is about 3 months. Therefore, the HIV test was carried out 3 months after the patient took the risky action. Based on the guidelines, if the results of the first examination (which is carried out after/outside the window period) show a non-reactive result but the person being examined is at risk, then a minimum re-examination of 3 months, 6 months, and 12 months from the first examination is recommended. If the results are non-reactive and not at risk, then healthy behavior is recommended. It should also be noted that the results of the HIV test should be returned and consulted again with the doctor who examined and requested/recommended the examination, so that the doctor will decide the follow-up to the results of the HIV test.
That's all, hope it helps.
Regards, dr. Denisa