Results Of HIV Infection Examination?

Illustration of Results Of HIV Infection Examination?
Illustration: Results Of HIV Infection Examination?

Hello doctor, I have done the HIV lab for the last 8 years, which is done every year because of the company request, last week I tested for HIV and the results were Reactive, but for 1 year I have not felt anything. u0026amp; 2 Sreening: Reactive r nAntibodies (CMIA): Reactive (S / CO: 164.83) r n * Non reactive: S / CO u0026lt; 1.0 r n (Elisa): Reactive (S / CO: 16.4) r n * Non reactive: S / CO u0026lt; 1.0 r nWritten blood draw r nCollected Date: 02 Juny 2018 r nValidate Date: 06 Juny 2018 r nReport Date: 06 Juny 2018 r n Are the lab results for HIV correct or not ..? r n r n Until now I feel nothing and just healthy, every morning I go jogging and there are no problems with my physique, even I don’t feel any disease in the genitals or in any part of the body, r nPlease doctor An explanation with the results Until now, I have been wondering to myself and until now I haven’t checked again, r n Have you ever been in a healthy physical condition? r nThank you, Doctor.

1 Answer:

Hello Noval.

Thank you for the question.

HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. This virus attacks the immune system of the sufferer. Symptoms appear in 3 stages.

The first stage or initial stage

HIV infection in the early stages gives flu-like symptoms, namely fever, swallowing pain, diarrhea, joint and muscle pain, swollen lymph nodes, and fatigue.

Second stage

The first stage will disappear for months or even years without causing symptoms. This period the patient does not know that the HIV virus has developed in his body. The length of this stage can reach 10 years or more.

Third phase

HIV will make our immune system weaken and unable to fight the germs that enter the body. The final stage is better known as AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). Symptoms at the final stage will appear:

weight loss by more than 10%
fever for no apparent reason for more than 1 month
continuous diarrhea for more than 1 month
the growth of white patches on the oral cavity, throat and vagina due to yeast infection or candidiasis
respiratory distress for more than 1 month
purple spots or mosquito-like bites on uncovered areas

HIV transmission can be through:

seminal fluid, sperm
anal wall
vaginal discharge
breast milk
use of used needles with HIV

HIV tests were carried out 3 times. The following is the interpretation of the HIV test results for the 3 tests: (A = examination)

Positive results:

When the A1 result is reactive. A2 reactive. A3 reactive

Negative Results:

When the A1 result is non reactive
If the A1 results are reactive but on repeats A1 and A2 are non reactive
When one is reactive but not at risk

Indeterminate results

When the two results are reactive
If only 1 test is reactive but risky or the partner is at risk

As for what is said to be risky are:

sex workers
injecting drug users
man sex with man
hepatitis sufferer
pregnant mother
TB sufferers
sufferers of sexually transmitted infections
correctional assisted residents
have a sexual partner suffering from HIV / AIDS

The HIV test follows the gold standard rules set by the Indonesian Ministry of Health, namely using ELISA. So on your examination that I caught, the first and second results were reactive. The advice I can give for now is that you should do the 3rd examination. Consult an Internal Medicine for this problem.

Other suggestions I can give:

do not change partners
seek treatment for yourself and your partner
not having risky sexual intercourse
use of condoms
eat nutritious and healthy food

Hopefully my explanation can answer the question.


dr. Kresnawati Wahyu Setiono

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