Retina Of The Eye?

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good night ,, I have a problem with vision in my right eye, my eyes can not see from the age of 5 years until now I don’t know what causes it .., because in the retina my eyes are white … I think 2 can be cured gha yeah …?

1 Answer:

Hello, Wahirin Putro

Thank you for your question for HealthReplies.com

The inability to see can be caused by genetic factors, accidents or disease.

Causes of blindness in children:
1. Eye anatomy abnormalities

- Microphthalmia is a developmental disorder when both or one eye becomes small. Apart from being small, usually the eyes have an abnormal anatomy. Sufferers can experience blindness.

- Corneal scarring is the formation of scar tissue on the cornea. This can be caused by vitamin A deficiency in children, trauma, sparks, and disease. Depending on the severity of the existing scar tissue, the patient can feel complaints ranging from blurred vision to shading to blindness.

- Keratoconus is the thinning and changing of the corneal anatomy. Usually, vision starts to diminish during adolescence, getting worse as adults. Changes in the curvature of the cornea can cause mild to severe distortion, astigmatism, and farsightedness. This disease can also cause swelling of the cornea to lose vision.

- Congenital cataract is a disorder characterized by the baby's eye lens obstructed by smudges such as fog. Not only interfere with vision, congenital cataracts can cause blindness. Congenital cataracts can occur in both eyes, or in only one eye.

- Aphakia is the absence of a lens in the eye. Included in one of the rare anatomical disorders of the eye. The eye lens is not formed during pregnancy.

- Retinal dystrophies are hereditary disorders that continue to develop and affect retinal function.

- Atrophy optic nerve is degeneration or damage to the optic nerve, which is a group of nerves that carry visual information from the eye to the brain.

- Congenital glaucoma is damage to the optic nerve due to increased eye pressure. This disease is usually diagnosed at birth or shortly after birth.

2. Rubella during pregnancy. Having rubella virus during pregnancy puts you at high risk of giving birth to a blind baby.

4. Rethinopathy of prematurity is blindness in infants caused by abnormal development of retinal blood vessels. Eye disease that occurs in a small proportion of premature babies.

5. Ophthalmia neonatorum is acute conjunctival inflammation, with muco-purulent fluid, which occurs in the first month of birth.

6. Retinoblastoma is cancer that starts in the retina or the lining of the eye. Retinoblastoma attacks the retina, which is located on the back wall of the eyeball. Symptoms that can be found are red, swollen eyes, asymmetrical eyes, and the pupil is always wide open.

Efforts to prevent blindness in children:

1. Checks with a doctor before planning a wedding or pregnancy. Early detection of Toxoplasma, Rubella, Cytomegalovirus and Herpes Simplex Virus infections

2. Adult immunization to expectant mothers

3. Adequate the needs of vitamins, especially vitamin A, mineral needs and other nutrients in children

4. Complete basic immunization in children

5. Clean the eyes in newborns

6. Prevent trauma

7. Routine eye examinations

You need to do further tests, to determine the cause of your eye disorder, and it is important to know the severity of your visual disturbances, so that appropriate therapeutic measures can be determined. We recommend that you consult directly with an ophthalmologist, so that a physical examination can be carried out to establish a correct diagnosis. Examinations that may be carried out by an ophthalmologist include:

1. Ophthalmoscopy, examination of the internal eye organs

2. Funduskopi, examination of the inner nerves of the eye

3. Tonometry, examination of eye pressure

Therapeutic measures will be tailored to your diagnosis. Some possible therapeutic measures include:

1. Giving eye drops

2. Eye lens surgery in cataracts

3. Surgery lowers eye pressure

Thus, hopefully this is useful.

dr. Vallensia Nurdiana Febriyanti

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