Risk Of HIV Transmission Through Blood Tests For Patients With Pericardium Effusion?
Morning, I am Adi. I am a Bmi in South Korea. I want to ask, in February 2018 I had sexual relations 2 times with commercial sex workers / with 2 different women without using a condom. In March 2018 I had a cold flu, got tired quickly, shortness of breath and very rapid heartbeat, joints and muscles ache, then I went to the doctor several times, and the blood test said blood vessels were blocked, throat infection and hemoglobin deficiency, after that my fever was cured, but my heartbeat was still fast, my back felt sickness and shortness of breath, in June I checked again at a bigger hospital in korea, it turns out my heart was submerged in water, then I was operated and healed, in July I had a medical checkup at the company, in September I relapsed again, my heart was submerged again , and I was operated on again the second time, Until now I still take medicine and in once a month I always control, and now the fluid recurred again, During hospitalization mah hurt 1 time I took blood, urine, and sputum samples more or less 5 times, the question is, by way of blood, urine, and sputum tests as I told above, can it be known if infected with the HIV virus? And can my heart soaked in water be cured? R nThank you.
Hello, Adi11, thank you for asking HealthReplies.com.
If what you mean by "heart submerged" is pericardium effusion, then the condition in question is the accumulation of fluid in the heart lining (pericardium). If not treated properly, the fluid can cause tamponade cordis where the heart is difficult to move and has difficulty pumping blood throughout the body so that it can be life threatening.
The causes of pericardium effusion can vary, ranging from infection (for example HIV / AIDS, tuberculosis, CMV), autoimmune diseases (such as lupus, rheumatoid arthritis), heart attacks, etc. Treatment of pericardium effusion is to eliminate the cause. For example, if the cause is due to TB infection, anti-tuberculosis drugs are needed to cure it. In a very large amount of fluid accumulation, it can be necessary to withdraw fluid from the pericardium cavity.
Thus, the possibility of cure depends on many factors, for example the cause of the pericardium effusion itself, the patient's condition, the effectiveness of the treatment, etc.
Regarding how to find out someone is infected with HIV or not, it is necessary to process from extracting information about the history of symptoms, illness, lifestyle, history of sexual activity, etc., physical examination, and supporting examinations such as laboratory tests. Laboratory tests for HIV tests usually use blood samples. For various types of HIV testing, you can read it more fully in the HealthReplies.com article entitled "HIV testing and the important things in it".
That's all, hopefully it's useful.