Rubella Test Results?
, If my test results show Positive Anti-Rubella IgG (Cons: 29.0) while the Anti Rubella IgM is negative, is that dangerous ..? do I need a follow-up or what do I do ..?
Rubella is another name for German measles, a viral infectious disease. Symptoms experienced by the sufferer are fever, a reddish rash on the face that then spreads to the body, arms and legs, aching pain in the joints, enlarged glands in the neck and armpits, lethargy, lack of appetite, etc. Rubella infection in pregnancy can be dangerous, especially if it occurs in the first 12 weeks of pregnancy. Rubella infection in pregnancy can cause Congenital Rubella Syndrome which gives babies defects in the form of:
Hearing loss or deafness
Eye disorders such as congenital cataracts or congenital glaucoma
Damage to the liver and spleen
Rash on skin
Inflammation of the lungs and so on
As a woman planning a pregnancy or a pregnant woman with suspected rubella infection, the doctor will check the anti-rubella IgM and IgG, to see the antibodies in the body against the Rubella virus antigen (the molecular part of the rubella virus). IgM is an antibody that appears immediately after infection from a virus, usually lasts 7-10 days in the blood and lymph flow. Negative IgM means there is no acute infection or in immunocompromised cases (low immune conditions for example in HIV / AIDS conditions) actually there is rubella infection but the body is unable to make enough antibodies to be detected on examination. IgG is an antibody that lasts for years or a lifetime, can be found in all body fluids. Positive anti-rubella IgG means that the body has antibodies to the rubella virus, it could be due to previous infection or the MMR vaccination. Antibodies make you immune to infection with the rubella virus. A titer of> 1.0 indicates sufficient immunity. This IgG can be passed on to babies born and lasts for only a few months, so babies also need MMR vaccination at a later date to build immunity against rubella infection.
If you are pregnant, you should control the results of these tests and your uterus to an obstetrician. Ultrasound examination can now detect abnormalities in the fetus early due to certain diseases / conditions so that expectant parents can prepare and think about the next steps.
That's all the explanation from me, hopefully it's useful.
Dr. Saphira Evani