Safety Of Consuming Guarana (Paullinia Cupana) As A Supplement?
Greetings is guarana safe for consumption including supplements or capsules? thanks.
Hello Muhammad Ikhsan,
Guarana (Paullinia cupana) is a plant that is found in the Brazilian Amazon forest. Guarana fruit seeds contain more caffeine than caffeine in coffee beans. Therefore guarana fruit seeds are widely used as a stimulant in the form of supplements or herbal medicine.
The FDA (food and drugs administration) of the United States has not included guarana as a safe category. Guarana is only allowed as a flavoring additive in drinks or supplements, so guarana is more commonly found in the form of soft drinks, herbal teas, or energy drinks. In his home country, guarana is available in powder form for brewing like coffee drinks. There is not enough medical research data to prove that guarana is safe for consumption in the long run and in large quantities.
Guarana is high in caffeine, so there is a limit to its consumption. Caffeine consumption of more than 400 mg / day can lead to dose tolerance, ie the patient no longer feels the effects of consuming guarana at the same dose so that the patient will continue to increase his dose. Side effects that can arise from consuming high doses of guarana are:
Insomnia Restless Heart palpitations Hand trembling Increased blood pressure Nausea Abdominal pain Arrhythmia Ears ringing Ear urination Pain Increased eyeball pressure Consumption of doses up to 10-14 grams can have a lethal (lethal) effect. Therefore, before consuming guarana for a long time you should check your general health first. Some drugs, such as antibiotics quinolone, adenosine, cimetidine, clozapine, anticoagulants, treatment of depression, can interact with caffeine in guarana, so their use needs to be avoided or carried out under clinical supervision. Thus the explanation from me, hopefully useful.