Seizures And Epilepsy?
What is the difference between seizures and epilepsy?
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A spasm is a general term for a muscle contraction that occurs uncontrollably. Normally, the muscles in our outer body contract or relax in a controlled and regulated manner by the brain through electrical impulses. However, in certain diseases, electrical impulses are disrupted, for example in tetanus, electrolyte disturbances, strokes, drug side effects, or epilepsy.
On the other hand, epilepsy is a disease in which electrical impulse disruption occurs in the brain, which causes a variety of symptoms. Although one of the most common symptoms of epilepsy is seizures, there are several other symptoms that can arise, such as confusion, blank stares (staring at one point), sudden jerking movements, trembling, and others.
Therefore, patients who have seizures do not necessarily suffer from epilepsy (because it can be caused by other diseases that I have mentioned above), and vice versa, in patients with epilepsy also do not always have seizures (can experience other symptoms without accompanying seizures) .
However, however, both conditions are abnormal and dangerous if not handled properly, so that if you or your relatives have a seizure, here are the things you need to do:
Don't panic and stay calm, but seek medical help immediately (by telephone or ask someone else to call an ambulance). Often panic only slows down the patient's first aid process.
Do not resist the patient's muscle contractions, such as holding his hands or feet to remain in a normal position. Muscle contractions in seizures are usually very strong, so if you try to fight will cause muscle injury.
Avoid patients from possible dangers. If the patient is in a high place, or prone to falls, position the patient in a sleeping position, and lay on one side to smooth the airway. There is no need to try to force foreign objects into the patient's mouth, because they often actually hurt the patient. Take off your glasses, belt, and loosen tight parts of clothes or pants such as the collar and waist of the pants.
Do not try to put food / drinks into the patient's mouth, because it will be very dangerous if you block the airway.
Wait for medical help to arrive.
If the patient has calmed down and the situation can be controlled, consult a neurologist.
Thus my information, hopefully it can be helped.