Severe Shortness Of Breath Caused By Lung Disease?

Illustration of Severe Shortness Of Breath Caused By Lung Disease?
Illustration: Severe Shortness Of Breath Caused By Lung Disease? health.harvard.edu

Morning, my sister has lung infection and is getting more and more breathless, and breathing is very tight and continues to use oxygen 24 hours. it’s fine, the doctor said, it’s just an infection. Well, I want to ask, is the position of shortness of breath having to use oxygen continuously? And my brother’s condition is always coughing and spitting phlegm continuously .. What actions should be done? Thanks before

1 Answer:

Hello!


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Tuberculosis is an infection of the lungs by the bacterium Micobacterium tuberculosis. This bacterium will cause chronic inflammation in the lungs and cause TB symptoms such as coughing for more than 2 weeks, weight loss, excessive sweating when not on the move, prolonged fever, shortness of breath, fatigue, etc. Tuberculosis is known through symptoms obtained, direct physical examination, sputum examination, and chest X-ray. Treatment requires a minimum of 6 months or more using antibiotics / OAT (anti-tuberculosis drugs)


TB infection can cause increased mucus in the airways. Increased mucus / phlegm production can clog the ducts, thereby triggering shortness of breath.
In addition, TB germs also damage the lung parenchyma (bronchioles and alveoli). Damage to this lung tissue causes difficulties in air exchange. The more areas of the lung that are damaged, the more severe shortness of breath they suffer.
Damage to the lung tissue will generally not be widespread if the disease is identified quickly and TB treatment is carried out regularly.


Provision of oxygen continuously can not improve even cure the condition of shortness of breath due to lung infection. Although given a high level of oxygen, lung damage is quite severe, it will actually burden the lungs whose capacity begins to decrease due to tissue damage due to tuberculosis.


The thing that can help reduce complaints is to treat the underlying disease. If shortness of breath is caused by TB, then TB treatment must be done. However, I suggest that an examination be conducted to assess whether there are indications of resistant TB bacteria (MDR TB = multidrug resistant tuberculosis). This condition is a dangerous type of TB infection because germs are resistant to drugs, and cannot be cured with regular TB treatment. Of course, this condition can easily spread to healthy lung areas and cause damage to the lung tissue.
Provision of oxygen can still be continued to help ease shortness of breath, even though it actually does not significantly reduce complaints.
Therefore, I suggest that you check with your sister to a pulmonary specialist to get a more complete evaluation and examination. Subsequent treatment depends on the results of the examination and consideration of treatment from the treating doctor.
Thus the information that I can convey, hopefully helps

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