Severity Of Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Classification?
Hello. I want to ask for the size of the ASD scundum leak which is categorized as light. thank you
Wa alaikumsalam, thank you for asking at HealthReplies.com. ASD or atrial septal defect is one type of congenital heart defect, which means, a person is born with this condition. No one experiences ASD when they are children, teenagers, let alone adults. All people who experience ASD, must experience it from birth. But when it is detected, it can vary depending on the conditions of each person.
The heart is an organ that has 4 chambers that are not all connected directly to each other. So there are barriers that make blood flow only in one direction. When there is a hole in the bulkhead that makes blood flow non-uniformly, symptoms can appear such as fatigue, palpitations, shortness of breath, swollen feet, to a stroke. This is called ASD if the hole is between the atria, and VSD if the hole is between the ventricles.
Regarding your question, ASD is further classified also by size. Holes that are classified as small are <6 mm in diameter, medium size between 6-11 mm, and large ones> 12 mm. This classification is important because it can also play a role in determining whether an action must be taken immediately or can wait for the hole to close by itself, and if it does not close itself, what action should be taken.
What is clear, if you suspect someone with ASD, check with his heart doctor to ascertain his condition through a series of historical excavations, physical examination and support such as X-rays, ultrasound, and echocardiogram. So, hopefully answering your question.