Side Effects Of Thyroid Medication Consumption On Female Fertility?
Good morning doctor, I want to ask 1.5 years ago I was sick of thyroid, and I also took anti-thyroid medication (ptu). And now I have recovered from a thyroid disease. And I’ve also read from health articles, he said that anti-thyroid medication reduces the potential of a woman to get pregnant, is that really a doctor? but now that I have recovered, is there any possibility that I might become pregnant later?
Hello Dita, thank you for asking.
Disorders of the thyroid gland can be hyperthyroidism (overproduction of thyroid hormone), hypothyroidism (lack of thyroid hormone production), inflammation of the thyroid gland, thyroid gland cyst, or thyroid gland tumor. In people with hyperthyroidism, therapy is generally in the form of administration of PTU (propylthiouracil). Giving PTU must be under the supervision of a doctor, so the doctor can evaluate the dose of the drug. To our knowledge, there are no research reports which state that PTU causes infertility in women. Especially if you do not currently consume PTU, then the effects of PTU also no longer exists. There are no studies that have found a causal relationship between PTU consumption and infertility. Conversely, untreated hyperthyroidism will increase the risk of infertility.
As you know, an increase in thyroid hormone production causes an increase in metabolism. This can cause symptoms such as hypertension, heart problems, weight loss, tremors, sleep disorders, anxiety, diarrhea, and so on. One effect of hyperthyroidism that is not treated is a change in the balance of reproductive hormones, causing infertility or miscarriage. In addition, pregnant women who experience hyperthyroidism can experience heart failure, hypertension, preeclampsia, anemia, while the fetus can stunt its growth, experience disability, miscarriage, or die in utero.
If your thyroid hormone levels are now normal, you should have the same chance of pregnancy as other women. But you should still consult with your obstetrician. The doctor must assess your thyroid hormone levels, the function of your organs, general conditions, and the condition of your reproductive organs. If the doctor does not find any problems, then most likely you are allowed to get pregnant.
Thus my explanation, hopefully can help you. Regards.