Signs And Symptoms Of Autism In A 14 Year Old Child?
I am Reza. 14 years. Mother and father said, I am like a child with autism. When I read the symptoms, many of them were similar. Only 1 different. I’m good at talking. But can’t socialize until now. I only have 12 friends till now. It seems like parts of my body have a mind of their own. Often moves on their own without realizing it. Am I autistic?
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Autism (autism spectrum disorder) is a disorder in certain brain development that affects a sufferer's ability to communicate, interact socially, and behave. This condition can include many types of diseases, not only autism, but also Asperger's syndrome, Heller syndrome, and pervasive developmental disorders.
Symptoms of autism can vary from person to person. However, in general, these symptoms can be grouped into 2, namely:
Impaired social interaction and communication, this condition can appear in speech delays, rarely responds when his name is called, avoids eye contact, rarely uses body language, rarely expresses, cannot initiate conversations, flat tone of voice, often repeats words inappropriately , seemed not to understand simple instructions, and so on
Disorders of limited thinking patterns, interests, and repetitive (repetitive) behavior, this condition can appear in movement patterns (for example, frequent tiptoes), can not stay still, prefers familiar routines and gets angry when there is a change, makes repetitive movements repetition (for example tapping or squeezing hands), how to play is repetitive and unimaginative, only likes certain foods, is very fixated on certain topics or activities with excessive focus intensity, is more sensitive to light, touch, and sound, but is not responds to pain, and so on
Conditions like what Eza experienced can be part of the symptoms of autism, but can also only be part of a variety of personality and normal behavior. Distinguishing symptoms of autism or not needs to be done directly with a comprehensive examination of a doctor or child psychiatrist (child psychiatrist). Therefore, to detect it early, there is nothing wrong with Eza inviting Eza's parents to visit the doctor together so that further evaluation can be carried out. Doctors can do various examinations to identify possible symptoms of autism, starting from clinical observation, to providing hearing interventions. , speech, language, and other developments, and so on. In general, just a few doctor visits can tell which conditions are considered abnormal, and which are not. If not, then of course no special therapy needs to be done.
Our advice, try Eza more introspection. Realize that Eza needs to interact with many people better, not only with parents, siblings, friends, but also with other people around Eza's environment. By interacting with many people, Eza can learn to be more sensitive so that he doesn't hesitate to ask for help, for example if Eza is sick or experiencing other things. Don't get used to being alone. Apart from being able to make Eza bored, this can also make people around Eza feel uncomfortable, and think that Eza has psychic disorders, including autism, even though it is not necessarily like that. Learn a lot from other people's personalities, and start trying to treat others as Eza would like to be treated.
Hope it helps ..
dr. Nadia Nurotul Fuadah