Signs And Symptoms Of Heart Valve Disorders?
what are the characteristics of heart valve disorders
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The heart has 4 valves. Where the heart valve acts as a place for blood to pass and prevents the blood that has passed from turning back, so it functions the same as a one-way door. The four heart valves are:
1. The tricuspid valve, which separates the right atrium from the right ventricle.
2. The bicuspid or mitral valve, separating the left atrium from the left ventricle.
3. Pulmonary valve, the valve that separates the right chamber from the pulmonary artery (pulmonary artery).
4. Aortic valve, which separates the left ventricle with large arteries (aorta).
The blood from oxygen-rich lungs will flow in the pulmonary veins to be carried to the left atrium. Until the porch left the blood will pass through the mitral valve to enter the left ventricle. From the left ventricle of blood will pass through the aortic valve to go to the aortic vein. This oxygen-rich blood will then be delivered throughout the body.
Furthermore, dirty blood that comes from cells throughout the body, contains high carbon dioxide. This blood passes through the inferior and superior vena veins into the right atrium. Then blood will pass through the tricuspid valve to enter the right ventricle. From the right chamber, blood will pass through the pulmonary valve to enter the pulmonary artery blood vessels. Then the blood will go to the lungs to exchange carbon dioxide gas with oxygen gas. Then the blood becomes rich again in oxygen. This oxygen-rich blood returns through the pulmonary veins to be delivered back to the left atrium. And so on.
So, if there is a disruption in the heart valve (one or more), it will certainly disrupt blood flow to and from the whole body and from and to the lungs. So that patients will experience the following symptoms, namely:
1. Shortness of breath
2. Chest pain
5. Disorders of heart rhythm
7. Edema or swelling in the legs and abdomen
8. Blushing cheeks
9. Coughing up blood
Do you or someone closest to you complain about the symptoms above. If so, it is better to check with a cardiologist. Later the doctor will conduct a medical interview and physical examination. Next will require you to undergo the necessary investigations, such as electrocardiography (ECG) or heart record, chest X-ray, echocardiography or ultrasound of the heart and cardiac MRI.
Treatment that can be given is dependent on the cause of the heart valve disorder that is experienced. In general, there are 2 types of heart valve disorders, namely valve stenosis and valve insufficiency. Valve stenosis is characterized by the heart valve not being able to open completely or stiffly so that blood is difficult to pass through it. While insufficiency is characterized by a valve that can not close completely, resulting in backflow of blood. For more information, you can read this HealthReplies.com article.
Thus hopefully useful.