Submandibular Glands?

Illustration of Submandibular Glands?
Illustration: Submandibular Glands? cancer.org

, I am Fauziah, I had submandibular gland surgery before, now it’s starting to feel again, it’s a bit difficult to swallow, my left face is a bit sore, then my right face is a sign that I have submandibular cancer again? thank you

1 Answer:

Hello Fauziahkasyfi, thank you for asking HealthReplies.com.

The submandibular gland, is a major salivary gland located at the bottom of the jaw. About 1-2 cases in 10 cases of salivary gland tumors, are submandibular gland tumors, of which half are cancer. Cancer of the salivary glands is caused by a change in DNA in the salivary gland cells which is a result of a genetic / DNA mutation. DNA changes as a result of mutations, of course, cannot be separated from risk factors for mutation, including:

age, the older a person is, the higher the possibility of DNA mutation in the salivary glands. Men, in research that has been conducted, it turns out that men have a greater risk than women in the incidence of salivary gland cancer exposure to radiation, both because The presence of radiotherapy or because of occupational risks, both cause an increased risk of developing family history of cancer with a history of salivary gland cancer. Alcohol consumption and smoking which causes DNA mutations Unhealthy dietary patterns, exposure to chemicals in the work environment, lead to viral infections such as HIV and viruses Epstein-Barr In addition to pain symptoms in the area around the cheeks, salivary gland cancer is usually characterized by other symptoms such as:

lump or swelling in the area of ​​the cheeks, neck, jaw or mouth. But of course not necessarily all lumps in the area are cancer, other similar causes are tumors, infections, or the presence of saliva stones, pain in the area of ​​the cheek, neck, neck and inflammation that is felt continuously, there is a difference in the size of the cheek or jaw between the right side. and the left side is numb / stiff in some facial muscles due to the pressure of the tumor on the nerves in the face, the facial muscles become weak, it is difficult to swallow food / drink. Apart from cancer, of course the above conditions can be caused by other things, which if it also forces the nerves around the neck , cheeks, jaw and mouth, and pressing the surrounding tissue. Benign tumors and infections of the salivary glands can usually have a similar effect as salivary cancer.

Having a history of submandibular gland surgery, it could be the possibility of cancer growing again but on your left face, of course, to determine whether the lump is really cancer, or is it just a benign tumor or maybe even an infection, nothing but to see an oncologist. Please do a detailed examination of the lump / swelling on your left face. Certainly, by establishing the correct diagnosis, the treatment steps taken are also more targeted at eliminating the swelling and its remains if it is possible that it is indeed a cancer cell so that it does not spread and grow in other places.

While don't press too often on your swollen / sore cheeks, if you feel the pain is unbearable, then choose a situation that can relax your body so that the pain does not increase, eat soft foods, so that your food intake is maintained even though the throat is difficult to swallow.

So much information from us, hope it is useful.

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