Surgical Management Of Intestinal Infections?
Should an intestinal infection require surgery?
Thank you for asking HealthReplies.com.
Intestinal infection can actually refer to a wide spectrum of diseases. Therefore, it needs to be clear first, what kind of intestinal infection do you mean? What are the symptoms? Did doctors really recommend surgery?
Maybe what is meant is enterocolitis, which is inflammation of the small intestine and large intestine which is generally triggered by infection, it could be due to bacteria, viruses, fungi, and even parasites. This condition can cause sufferers to experience diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, bloody bowel movements, abdominal pain, chills, and fever.
There are 2 main types of intestinal infections, namely:
NEC (nectrotizing enterocolitis)
NEC is an inflammation that causes the formation of dead tissue (necrosis) in the intestine that often affects newborns. The cause can be related to consumption of formula milk, blood transfusions, or other diseases. This condition can be diagnosed through x-rays, ultrasound, blood tests, and microscopic stool examination in the laboratory. Handling of NEC can be done with several procedures, from stopping feeding by mouth, giving fluids, nutrition, and antibiotics parenterally (intravenously), removing gas from the intestine through a special tube, or even surgery to remove dead tissue in the intestine and make a hole in the wall. stomach to remove the end of the small or large intestine. Pseudomembranous colitis
Pseudomembranous colitis is an inflammation of the intestine that occurs due to the proliferation of the bacteria Clostridium difficile. This condition can be contagious, and occurs especially in adults, using antibiotics, undergoing treatment in hospital, or having weak immune systems. This disease can be identified through colonoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, or antibody immunoassay. Further treatment can be done through giving antibiotics, handling dehydration (if it occurs), or also surgery. Determining which therapy is appropriate for people with intestinal infections can certainly vary depending on the patient's condition, the type of disease being suffered, the severity, and various other factors. Therefore, given the very limited information you provide, we recommend that you consult directly with an internal medicine specialist or a gastroenterology sub-division surgeon.
I hope this helps.
dr. Nadia Nurotul Fuadah