Swelling In The Knee?
Good morning, my mother is 45 years old, has a history of diabetes, high blood pressure. My mother’s knees suddenly became swollen and hard to move, but not hot. It’s been a few days and taken medicine but it hasn’t healed. And now the pain is painful. What is osteoporosis? How to treat it? thank you
Good afternoon, thanks for the question
Complaints of joint swelling accompanied by symptoms of red, pain, or heat is a sign of inflammation or inflammation in the joints called arthritis. Arthritis is more common in people with old age, obesity, or a history of trauma.
Common causes of arthritis include:
1. Osteoarthritis: inflammation of the joints due to the aging process, usually attacks large joints such as the knee, spine, or pelvis.
2. Rheumatoid arthritis: inflammation in the joints due to autoimmune reactions.
3. Psoriasis arthritis: chronic inflammation of the joints that occurs in people with psoriasis.
4. Reactive arthritis: arthritis associated with infections of the digestive tract or urinary tract.
5. Gouty arthritis: arthritis caused by the accumulation of monosodium urate crystals in the tissues around the joints, due to increased blood uric acid levels.
To ascertain the cause of the abnormality, the doctor needs to evaluate including the symptoms that are felt, risk factors, physical examination, and supporting examinations if needed. In addition to laboratory tests, a diagnosis of arthritis can also be done using a scanning method, for example by ultrasound, X-ray, CT scan, or MRI. Specific treatment is certainly based on the underlying cause. But in general, it includes anti-inflammatory, analgesic, surgery, and physiotherapy treatments.
That's all, hope you can help.