Symptoms And Transmission Of HIV?
how early if a person is infected with HIV? 1. physical condition how 2. what positive people will be healthy and fat early infected 3. for tests in 109 days or 14 weeks infected with go, what is valid, the article declared negative 4. again diabet, what disturbs the validity of HIV tests
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HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is a virus that can weaken the body's immune system, especially CD4 cells, which are lymphocyte cells that are included in white blood cells. The HIV virus will cause a person to suffer from AIDS, which is a collection of symptoms that occur due to infection with the HIV virus. When a person experiences HIV infection, the component of blood that decreases is CD4 cells. Therefore, there is a quantitative CD4 cell examination that is useful for assessing the severity of the disease and the risk of other superinfection.
HIV can be transmitted easily from sexual relations, syringes that are used repeatedly, from mother to the fetus in the womb, and from consumables used by HIV sufferers through injuries that occur. The most common HIV transmission media are from patient fluids, including seminal fluid, vaginal fluid, rectal fluid and patient blood. The virus is not transmitted through water, food, kisses, pets, mosquitoes / insects and shared toilets.
When the virus enters the body and begins to attack the immune system, mild symptoms such as cough and flu in general are often felt. In addition, other symptoms such as shortness of breath, lung infections, chronic diarrhea / more than 14 days, the body feels more weak and limp, sprue that does not heal, etc. Generally, HIV patients both at the beginning of the infection and when the condition of the infection is severe, physically appearing like a normal person, looking healthy and able to carry out daily activities. But along with the development of the virus in the body within a period of months to years, patients will experience symptoms of recurrent infections, both respiratory infections, digestion, etc., decreased appetite, weight loss and decreased function of other organs so that the quality of life will be disrupted Known as the term window on HIV infection. The window period is a period of virus development, starting when the virus first enters the body to cause an infection that triggers the formation of HIV antibodies. At that time the virus antibody formation process can also be detected by examination. Generally the HIV window period ranges from 6-12 weeks, or about 3 months from the last exposure (direct exposure to the virus). Estimated time varies from person to person, some are fast and some are slower. Therefore, an examination to detect HIV antibodies is done at least 3 months after exposure / risky relationship occurs, if the results are negative then it needs to be repeated to confirm the results. VCT (voluntary counseling and testing) is an HIV examination in people who are at risk, and is voluntary and highly confidential. There are a series of tests on this examination, namely pre-examination counseling - examination of blood-post-examination counseling. VCT test is done at the end of the window / 3 months after having a risky relationship and if the result is negative / non-reactive then the examination is repeated again for a minimum period of 3 months thereafter. Non-reactive results do not mean inaccurate, but it is possible at that stage someone is experiencing a window period or is not currently in the virus infection. Diabetes does not interfere with the results of HIV testing. The following tips can be done to prevent transmission from HIV infection:
Using a condom as a personal protective device against sexually transmitted infections. Not changing partners. Do not use turns and needles and not having same-sex relationships. Going to the nearest health care provider is strongly recommended for more complete and relevant information and early detection of the virus. So much information that I can convey, hopefully it helps