Symptoms Caused When Platelets And Leukocytes Are Low?

Illustration of Symptoms Caused When Platelets And Leukocytes Are Low?
Illustration: Symptoms Caused When Platelets And Leukocytes Are Low?

Mmm, I want to ask. My son was just discharged yesterday from the hospital due to leukocytes and low platelets (below normal) but has been discharged because he is normal again. Cold patients report directly to the nurses. Well, right now I was in the house when I was holding the tone, it was really cold but sweaty … Please answer me 🙏🙏

1 Answer:

Hello Benedickta Jeniver,

Platelets and leukocytes are blood component cells. Platelets are blood cells that will respond when there is bleeding or injury in a blood vessel. Platelets will aggregate in the injured area and begin the process of blood clotting. Platelet levels that are less than normal cause easy bleeding. Symptoms of thrombocytopenia vary greatly depending on how low the level of platelets, the symptoms include:

Easily formed petechiae or purpura (spots of bleeding on the skin) or bruises
Blood that is difficult to stop when a wound occurs
Spontaneous bleeding: nosebleeds, bleeding gums, blood in the urinary tract and bowel movements, internal organ bleeding, brain hemorrhage
Long menstruation
Enlarged spleen organs
Yellow skin

While leukocytes or white blood cells, are blood cells that play a role in the body's immune process, especially to fight an infection. Decreased levels of leukocytes can arise due to acute viral infections, aplastic anemia, dengue hemorrhagic fever, malaria, cancer, and so forth.

The most common cause of thrombocytopenia and leukopenia is dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF). DHF is caused by dengue virus infection which is transmitted from the bite of the Aedes aegypti mosquito. Aside from laboratory tests for thrombocytopenia (<100,000 / mm3) + leukopenia, DHF also gives the following symptoms:

High fever 2-7 days
Spontaneous bleeding: nosebleeds, petechiae (small bleeding spots on the skin that do not disappear when pressed), blood chapter, blood bladder
Abdominal pain, especially the solar plexus
Pain behind the eyeball
Decreased appetite
Enlarged liver

In DHF there is a typical condition that is plasma leakage / leakage of blood plasma which can be known from clinical signs such as fluid in the lung envelope, increased blood hematocrit levels, and decreased blood albumin levels. Leakage of blood plasma can cause hypovolemic conditions, namely the state of the volume of fluid in the blood vessels decreases so that it does not meet the needs of the tissue. As a result of this condition, the body usually responds by increasing heart rate and sacrificing peripheral circulation so that there is enough blood in important organs (heart, kidneys, brain). Blood perfusion that is not good in the peripheral can cause cold feet, palpable pulses fast but weak. In severe hypovolemic conditions there can be a decrease in consciousness, shortness of breath, no urethra coming out at all, peripheral pulses are not palpable, a drastic decrease in blood pressure. These conditions require treatment in the form of immediate fluid resuscitation.

DHF is a disease that can heal by itself without special drugs to kill the virus. During the DHF pain phase, the most important thing is to provide fluid support to prevent hypovolemic conditions as mentioned above. Patients also need bed rest if platelet levels are very low to minimize the risk of bleeding. After the fever goes down, platelet levels will generally rise again, when it has gone up generally platelets will continue to rise to normal.

If the child is well aware and active, the mother can give him to drink more water and monitor also the number and frequency of BAK children. If there is a thermometer in the house, the mother can measure the temperature of the child every day and give the child a fever-lowering medication when the temperature is high. Give children more soft food, portions can be smaller but often. The child must have enough rest. Watch for symptoms such as shortness of breath, spontaneous bleeding, children not urinating, loss of consciousness, severe abdominal pain that requires the mother to immediately take the child to the nearest hospital. Thus the explanation from me, hopefully useful.

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