Symptoms Of Someone Having Tuberculosis?
Hello, mf, I want to ask again, what are the symptoms of a person who has brain tuberculosis?
Thank you for asking HealthReplies.com.
Indonesia is currently the country with the second highest number of TB cases in the world (after India). This disease needs special attention and treatment because it can be transmitted very easily and reduce the productivity of the sufferer very significantly. Although most often it infects the lungs, it does not rule out the possibility of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis germ which causes Tuberculosis to infect other organs, including the brain (so called brain TB).
TB can attack various components in the brain, starting from the meninges (the lining of the brain), brain parenchyma, cranial nervous system, and so on. Each of these conditions can have varying symptoms. Therefore, it is necessary to clarify first, what TB do you mean?
TB germs can spread to the brain through the hematogenous route, namely through the bloodstream. This spread can be more susceptible to occur in children, people who experience immunosuppression (decreased endurance), malnutrition, alcohol consumption, diabetics, or also people with cancer (malignancy).
Clinically, often people with brain TB do not show typical symptoms. The complaints that often appear are more often in the form of a neurological deficit depending on the part of the brain where the TB lesions appear. Some examples of this form of neurological deficits are diplopia (double vision), sensation or motor impairment in movement organs, cognitive impairment, confusion, memory loss, seizures, decreased consciousness, and so on. In addition, several other systemic symptoms, such as low-grade fever, weakness, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, weight loss, headaches, etc. can also accompany this disease.
Because the symptoms are not specific, often people with brain TB are misdiagnosed as sarcoidosis, pyogenic abscess, toxoplasmosis, cysticercosis, or other diseases. Therefore, in-depth examinations, such as through blood cultures, X-rays, CT scans, lumbar puncture, meninges biopsy, and so on are important to be done in order to establish a correct diagnosis.
That's all for our explanation. For more details, we recommend that you consult directly with an internal medicine specialist or a neurologist.
I hope this helps.
dr. Nadia Nurotul Fuadah