Hello, good afternoon Harrychuck.
TBI in the medical world is Traumatic Brain Injury, also known as intracranial injury (brain injury / concussion). TBI is an injury to the brain due to external mechanical force which can result in impaired cognitive function, physical function, psychosocial function, and temporary or permanent impairment of consciousness. TBI is often interpreted as being the same as a head injury. TBI can occur due to collisions (or other physical violence), falls, traffic accidents, etc.
TBI symptoms depend on the severity of:
Mild TBI, the symptoms can include:
decreased consciousness for a few seconds to a few minutes, or no loss of consciousness at all, just feeling confused / disoriented
nausea or vomiting
sleeping longer than usual
dizziness or loss of consciousness
sensory function problems, such as blurred vision, ringing in the ears, sniffing disorders, etc.
sensitive to light (glare) or to sound
decreased consciousness for up to several hours
headaches that persist or get worse
vomiting repeated vomiting
the pupil of the eye is not the same left and right
unable to wake up from sleep
weakness or numbness in the fingers and toes
agitation or restlessness
If you, your family, or your relatives experience these symptoms, immediately consult a neurologist or the nearest Emergency Unit for immediate follow-up steps. Your doctor may recommend further tests such as a CT scan or MRI to help determine the severity and extent of the injury.
Here are some suggested steps to prevent TBI:
use personal protection when driving (for example a helmet on a motorbike driver, a seat belt on a car driver, etc.)
do not consume alcoholic beverages when driving
avoid driving when you are drowsy or after taking drugs that have side effects of drowsiness
check eye conditions regularly
wear personal protection when exercising
use head protection for workers who are at risk of head injury
maintaining security at home, such as placing a dry mat in front of the bathroom door, ensuring the floor is always dry and not slippery, etc.
I hope this helps.
Greetings, dr. Denisa