The Cause Is Still Coughing While On TB Treatment?
Good night I want to ask, I have tuberculosis treatment and have been going for about 2 months over 2 days. Before I took the follow-up medicine I had already done a second phlegm test and the results were still positive. I was still coughing. I want to ask, is it reasonable if the treatment has been 2 months, still coughing? Does cough mean that the bacteria still exists? because I was told to do the sputum test again.
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Tuberculosis is an infection of the lungs by the bacterium Micobacterium tuberculosis. This bacterium will cause chronic inflammation in the lungs and cause TB symptoms such as coughing for more than 2 weeks, weight loss, excessive sweating when not on the move, prolonged fever, shortness of breath, fatigue, etc. Tuberculosis is known through symptoms obtained, direct physical examination, sputum examination, and chest X-ray. Treatment requires a minimum of 6 months or more using antibiotics / OAT (anti-tuberculosis drugs).
Tuberculosis bacteria cause inflammation in the lung tissue which can trigger coughing. Despite having been given anti-tuberculosis drugs for 2 months, not all tuberculosis germs die. Some germs will "faint" or weaken, so long-term treatment is needed for up to 6 months to ensure that the weakened germ can disappear / die. Treatment that is stopped in the middle, will cause germs that faint will react again and become even more resistant to the attack of anti-tuberculosis drugs given.
Therefore, your condition is a natural thing to happen. Some people with tuberculosis need cough suppressants to reduce their symptoms. Some can be caused by other conditions such as upper respiratory tract infections which can also trigger cough symptoms.
Sputum testing periodically is quite helpful in evaluating the treatment given. Therefore, this examination is carried out to assess whether the drugs given work well to fight the germ infection. If the treatment has been given, but the number of tuberculosis germs does not decrease (based on the calculation of the tests carried out) then it can be considered for further tests, such as assessing whether the germs in the lungs are included in drug-resistant germs.
Thus the information we can convey, for further information you should do an examination directly to the nearest doctor who treats you. I hope this helps