The Cause Of Blood Clots Sputum Out Even Though Not Coughing?
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Hello Cicik Retno Wati,
Bronchitis is inflammation of the bronchial respiratory tract. Inflammation of the bronchi is characterized by a "swollen" mucosa so that the bronchial tubes become narrow accompanied by increased secretions (mucus). Bronchitis can be acute and chronic (chronic). Acute bronchitis usually occurs due to a viral or bacterial infection of the respiratory tract and resolves in a matter of a few days without causing long-term effects. Chronic bronchitis is characterized by episodes of recurrent bronchitis or bronchitis that does not heal> 3 months.
Risk factors for chronic bronchitis:
Smoking Long-term exposure to pollution or irritants for the respiratory tract Elderly Genetic - alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency, history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in families Patients with chronic bronchitis can complain of persistent phlegm coughing, sputum (not clear) ), shortness of breath, chest pain, wheezing sound. Patients with chronic bronchitis can experience exacerbations (acute attacks) triggered by respiratory infections (eg flu), exposure to air pollution or irritant chemicals, systemic infections.
Criteria for diagnosis of chronic bronchitis are if productive coughing (phlegm is high) for> 3 months for 2 consecutive years and accompanied by signs of obstruction of the respiratory tract - checked with pulmonary function tests. Other investigations carried out in bronchitis patients are chest X-ray (chest), laboratory tests of blood, sputum examination.
Treatment of chronic bronchitis includes:
Quit smoking Avoiding exposure to pollutants (dust, aerosol materials, air pollution outside and other indoor) The use of beta agonist inhalers as drugs in acute attacks to dilate the airways (temporarily) Provision of drugs such as ipratropium bromide, theophylline, corticosteroids in the form of nebulizer, inhalers, or oral drugs prescribed by a doctor Antibiotic therapy if the patient is in an acute attack suspected of being triggered by a bacterial infection and also as prophylactic therapy reduces the number of acute attacks per year. If there is a respiratory infection, of course, it can infect other people from your cough / sneezing droplet. But people who are infected will not necessarily get bronchitis. Lung rehabilitation - special exercise to train lung capacity and lung function Drink more water and avoid cold-dry air. If the diagnosis is indeed chronic bronchitis then the disease is chronic. Avoiding precipitating factors and using drugs are needed so that attacks do not recur frequently and the quality of life of patients is good. Thus the explanation from me, hopefully useful.