The Cause Of Colds Never Healed?
Hello doctor, my child is 5 years old, it’s been almost 16 days that a cold doesn’t go away. Beginning the first week of cold cough and I have 2 times to the doctor and given medicine so that it subsided a little, then started clogged again today, day 16 without coughing. Only cough appears 1-2 times at night. The cold never really goes away, it just subsides.
Thank you for the question.
Colds that don't heal in children are often caused by allergies (allergic rhinitis). Allergic rhinitis occurs because of an abnormal immune response due to the consideration of the entry of a substance into the respiratory tract as a dangerous condition, when in fact it is not. Not only colds, children who have allergic rhinitis also often feel the nose and eyes itchy, watery eyes, sneezing, even sometimes the mucus in the nasal cavity can be swallowed up to the throat (post nasal drip). Allergic rhinitis can be a variety of triggers, often cold, dust mites, pollen, animal hair, and mold spores. Typically, colds due to allergic rhinitis can continue to recur every time your child runs out of allergens. Allergic rhinitis is closely related to genetic factors. The suspicion of a child experiencing allergic rhinitis needs to be increased if there is a close family member who also has atopic disease, not only allergic rhinitis, but also eczema or asthma.
In addition to allergic rhinitis, other conditions such as nasal septal deviation, viral or bacterial infections, vasomotor rhinitis, immune disorders (such as cystic fibrosis), to benign or malignant tumors around the nasal cavity can also cause prolonged colds in children.
Although most of the conditions above are not dangerous, experiencing a cold that does not go away certainly makes the child very disturbed activities. Therefore, you should continue to have your child re-examined by a doctor, pediatrician, or ENT specialist so that the condition is treated properly according to the cause. Not just relying on the handling of a doctor, the following steps should also be taken so that your child's complaints heal faster and do not return again:
Keep children away from substances that might cause allergies (as described above)
Always keep the environment around the child clean, circulate and well-lit, and maintained its humidity (for example by using an air humidifier)
Do not expose children to excessive air conditioning or fans
Diligently bathe the child with warm water, and also ask him to wash his hands regularly also shorten his nails
Ask the child to get more rest
Teach children to consume lots of foods rich in vitamin C
Limit your child's habits of drinking ice or other cold food
Remind children to stay away from smoke (including cigarette smoke), dust, and pollution
Perform nasal irrigation in children, namely with NaCl liquid sprayed into the nasal cavity using injections that have been removed, need to repeat several times in the right and left nasal cavity alternately
Do not carelessly give children drugs without a doctor's prescription
Hope this helps ...