The Cause Of Dark Spots That Are Increasingly Spread Throughout The Body
hello, there are black patches on my skin all over my upper body (chest, arms, neck, even to the face) at first only in the armpits and then spread to other parts of the body. My family believes that happened because I was often exposed to the sun for too long, so I stayed at home for several weeks. But the black spots still spread. At my place there is no doctor who can help with my skin disease, what should I do?
Originally posted 2020-04-16 11:11:05.
Hello Deni ....
Thank you for asking at HealthReplies.com, I try to help answer yes ...
Black patches on the skin or can also be called hyperpigmentation, occurs because the body produces excess amounts of melanin. Melanin itself is a skin pigment that gives color to the skin of the body, these spots can occur anywhere in the body, and the cause can be caused by several factors such as being exposed to the sun for too long without using sunscreen, skin aging, inflammation of the skin, or because of medications certain. Types of skin diseases that can cause skin hyperpigmentation are:
- Melasma: usually areas that are often exposed to sunlight such as the face can be about this disease, hyperpigmentation that appears not accompanied by itching and pain, the area of the arm can also appear hyperpigmentation.
- Lentigo: different from ordinary black spots, in lentigo such as small protruding spots measuring 0.2-2cm black in irregular shape, the cause of lentigo itself can be due to sun exposure, or congenital abnormalities, usually experienced by advanced people age.
- Hyperpigmentation of side effects of drugs and chemicals: this occurs due to side effects of certain drugs such as antimalarial drugs, chemotherapy drugs, chemicals that can cause hyperpigmentation such as silver, gold or mercury, generally spotting on the face, hands, feet or genitals.
Here are some things you can do to reduce black spots that occur such as: using a moisturizing cream = a moisturizing cream that contains hydroquinone and tretinoin both of these ingredients are effective in helping to brighten the skin, creams containing glycerin, hyaluronic acid and retinol are also known to combine to increase regeneration skin cells and effective in brightening the skin
- Vitamin c and kojic acid = cream containing vitmain c and kojic acid are known to be able to brighten and reduce skin hyperpigmentation, the combination can inhibit the formation of melanin.
- Stay away from sun exposure = use sunblock with SPF 30 so that the skin is not directly exposed to sunlight even when you are in the house though. Because sunlight can enter the cracks of the house.
- Laser or chemical peeling action = if hyperpigmentation does not go away even when using special creams, laser or chemical peeling can help speed up the skin regeneration process.
You can consult your complaints to the dermatologist if black spots are disturbing and widespread. And if the black spots are more widespread, irregular shape accompanied by sores on the spots, feel pain, itching and even bleed easily to the doctor immediately.
But in situations where the corona virus is spreading rapidly, if not accompanied by needs and urgency you should stay at home, or take care of yourself so as not to be exposed to the virus, if there are complaints such as sore throats that get worse for more than 2 weeks, accompanied by more fever from 38 degrees Celsius, coughs, colds that do not heal until there is a feeling of tightness or difficulty breathing, even though you have tried to take medicine, then you should check yourself to the doctor, for further examination.
Thus my answer, hopefully it helps