The Cause Of Swollen Legs Lost Arises In People With Diabetes?
Good evening, I’m fitri from medan. I want to ask, my father has been suffering from diabetes for quite a long time and in the past year his legs have been swollen, but sometimes they are flat and sometimes swollen again. When checked at the clinic, he said his kidneys had leaked. I want to ask that why is it swollen? and whether it can cause kidney failure?
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Patients with diabetes mellitus in the long term do not escape from various kinds of complications that can occur. Diabetes complications can occur in all diabetics, although often more often found in patients who do not regularly consume drugs and the influence of other factors. Diabetic complications consist of macrovascular and microvascular complications. Macrovascular consists of heart, brain and peripheral vascular disorders. Whereas microvascular can cause eye disorders, namely diabetic retinopathy, kidney disorders / diabetic nephropathy and disorders of the nerve / diabetic neuropathy. Diabetes complications are often associated with hypertension, obesity and dyslipidemia (impaired blood lipid levels).
Related to your father's condition, it is likely that your father has diabetic nephropathy, which is a complication that attacks blood vessels in the kidneys and results in decreased kidney function. Acute kidney failure and chronic kidney disease can occur in patients with long-standing diabetes. Swelling that occurs in your father's feet can be caused by a decrease in kidney function, making it difficult for fluid to be removed by the body and resulting in a buildup of fluid, especially in the lower limbs. Another cause that can cause swelling is the condition of hypoalbuminemia, which is a low level of blood protein that causes fluid to flow out of the blood vessels into the surrounding tissue.
Regarding the treatment, the important thing to do is to control your father's blood sugar so as not to soar up by:
Daily physical / exercise activities
Consumption of nutritious foods and avoid consumption of sweet foods / high sugar
Consumption of vegetables and fruit
Inadequate nutritional needs in accordance with daily calorie needs
Maintain body weight
Use of drugs to reduce blood sugar levels regularly every day
If blood sugar levels are controlled as normal as possible, the incidence of complications will decrease. Discuss with your doctor who treats your father if you get other complaints that are annoying and require prompt treatment. So much information that I can convey, hopefully it helps