The Cause Of The Fetus In The Womb Is Born Cleft?
hello i am nuraini 24th. this is my first pregnancy, today my pregnancy enters 39w2d, this morning I did an ultrasound to check my pregnancy, everything was normal from the position of the fetus, amniotic fluid, placenta, etc., but I was shocked when the doctor mentioned that there was a possibility that my fetus was born in a cleft condition. What I want to ask, is the ultrasound result accurate? I don’t understand the difference between 2-dimensional and 3-dimensional ultrasound, and I also don’t know whether this morning I underwent a 2D or 3D ultrasound procedure. I was very shocked to hear the doctor’s statement that my fetus might have been born with a cleft. Even though my husband and I don’t have cleft offspring, even during the first trimester of pregnancy I kept my diet and didn’t lack folic acid or vitamin B. Thank you
Hello Nurainidewi, thank you for the question for HealthReplies.com
Cleft lip is one of the most common types of birth defects. Cleft lip can be found during routine pregnancy ultrasound examinations, but other conditions that can also accompany the cleft palate are more difficult to see on ultrasound and are only discovered after the baby is born. This cleft lip can be seen using 2-dimensional or 3-dimensional ultrasound. The accuracy of ultrasound in the diagnosis of cleft lip is quite high, but it is higher using 3-dimensional than 2-dimensional ultrasound.
The cause of cleft lip is not known with certainty, but it is suspected that this birth defect can occur due to a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Several factors that increase the risk of cleft lip in babies include:
Family history of having cleft lip as well as Mothers who smoke or drink alcohol during pregnancy Mothers who take certain drugs during pregnancy (such as anti-seizure drugs, acne medications, immunosuppressants) Mothers who have diabetes Obesity during pregnancy Most of the cleft lip can occur even if there are no factors- risk factors above.
You should discuss further with your obstetrician to ask more clearly about the ultrasound findings. After your baby is born, clearly consult your baby's condition with his child's doctor. Babies who have cleft lip, especially if they are accompanied by cleft palate, will need immediate correction to help the child eat and talk normally later.
So much information from me, hopefully it will be enough to answer
dr. irna cecilia