The Characteristics Of Skin Cancer Symptoms?
Excuse me, what are the symptoms of skin cancer other than growing moles / discoloration, is there pain in the skin / joints or pain in certain areas? Pain in the nails? or hair loss and growth in hair and beard? Please enlighten me
Thank you for asking HealthReplies.com. I am dr. Princess Claudya will help answer your questions.
Malignancy / cancer of the skin can cause various symptoms depending on the stage of the cancer.
Malignancy in the skin can appear in various forms, depending on the cell originating from the malignancy, for example as follows:
Malignant melanoma: a skin malignancy characterized by patches on the skin of various colors such as black, brown, bluish. The borders are not well defined, and the patches get bigger easily.
Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC): a skin malignancy characterized by small bumps with sores on the skin that don't heal, accompanied by pus that dries up around it
Basal cell carcinoma (BCC): characterized by a shiny lump with dilated blood vessels above it, may be accompanied by sores
The cause of skin malignancy is a mutation in the cells in the skin layer that results in uncontrolled growth and results in cancer. The most common risk factor for skin cancer is exposure to solar ultraviolet radiation.
Generally, skin malignancy will result in pain in the skin involved. When it reaches a high stage, cancer can spread to other organs such as the lungs, brain, bones, liver, etc. which in turn will cause symptoms in accordance with the organs involved in the spread of cancer.
However, skin cancer can also resemble other skin lesions that are not malignant. For brown / black spots that are similar to malignant melanoma, it can occur in:
Lentigo / freckles / black spots
Melasma: that is, extensive brown patches due to sun exposure or hormonal effects
As for the wound symptoms that are similar to SCC and BCC can be found in the following conditions:
Ectima: a bacterial infection characterized by dry, pus-covered wounds
Vulnus laceratum / tear wound
Arteriosum / venosum ulcers: injuries due to abnormalities in blood vessels
The hair loss in cancer is not caused by the cancer cells themselves, except for cancer that does attack the scalp. However, it is more caused by the effect of chemotherapy treatment that is carried out by the cancer cells. The condition of hair loss in chemotherapy is called telogen effluvium, which is hair loss due to certain conditions in the body such as the effects of drugs (for example chemotherapy), stress, post-pregnancy hormonal conditions, certain diseases, drastic weight loss
As for hair loss can also be caused by other things such as:
Alopecia areata: hair loss that can occur anywhere in the hair, caused by the body's immune system attacking the hair follicles
Androgenic alopecia: occurs predominantly in men, hair loss usually starts on the front of the head, and is an inherited condition
Related to skin cancer, to ensure the condition, you should check with a skin specialist. The doctor will conduct a direct examination of the skin and if necessary will perform a supporting examination in the form of a biopsy. After that, it will be managed according to the underlying cause.
To reduce the risk of skin cancer, some tips that can be done are:
Avoid exposure to solar radiation when the intensity is high, namely during the middle of the day (10.00-14.00)
Reduce exposure to direct solar ultraviolet radiation on your skin by wearing a long-sleeved shirt, trousers, hat / umbrella, and wearing sunscreen when exposed to sunlight, especially when the radiation intensity is strong
Avoid the habit of tanning the skin (tanning)
Increase the consumption of antioxidants from fruits and vegetables to help prevent the possibility of cancer
Avoid processed products and instant foods to reduce the risk of exposure to carcinogens
That is the explanation from me. Hopefully helpful and useful. Get well soon :)
dr. Princess Claudya