The Difference Between Mother’s And Father’s Blood Types, Does It Affect The Fetus?
I want to ask.. I am currently 28 weeks pregnant.. and coincidentally my blood type is different from that of my husband.. my blood type is O while my husband’s blood type is B. Is there a risk to my future baby with the difference in blood type? thank you
One of the risks that can occur from mothers with blood type O and fathers A or B to their babies is ABO incompatibility. This condition can make the red blood cells in the baby's body quickly destroyed. The baby will appear slightly yellow and anemic (pale). In healthy and full-term infants, symptoms are generally mild, while for premature babies, the symptoms are more severe.
ABO incompatibility occurs while the baby is still in the womb. From time to time it is possible that the mother's blood will mix with the fetal blood (usually not), for example when there is an injury or childbirth. When this happens, the mother's blood type O will carry antibodies for blood groups A and B into the fetal blood circulation. If the fetus is blood type A or B, the antibodies from the mother's blood will destroy the fetal blood cells. This later causes a buildup of bilirubin as a result of the destruction of red blood cells (which causes the baby to look yellow).
If your baby has ABO incompatibility, the treatment options are phototherapy and exchange transfusion. Phototherapy (light therapy) alone is generally sufficient to treat ABO incompatibility. Phototherapy will be performed on the baby for 4-6 hours. If the condition is severe and cannot be treated with phototherapy, another treatment option is exchange transfusion, which is removing the existing blood by giving new blood from a donor. For more information about this, you can consult directly with a pediatrician.
Hope it is useful
dr. Muhammad Fadhil