The Difference Between The Gastric Drugs Sulphate, Antacid, Ranitidine And Omeprazole?

Illustration of The Difference Between The Gastric Drugs Sulphate, Antacid, Ranitidine And Omeprazole?
Illustration: The Difference Between The Gastric Drugs Sulphate, Antacid, Ranitidine And Omeprazole? Bing

What is the difference between the following gastric medications? (1) Sucralfate, (2) Antacids, (3) Ranitidine, (4) Omeprazole. Thank you

1 Answer:

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Gastric disease or also known as heartburn is a collection of symptoms of discomfort in the upper stomach area, which is known as dyspepsia.


Dyspepsia is divided into two, namely functional dyspepsia and organic dyspepsia. In functional dyspepsia, there is no physical abnormality that underlies the complaint. Abnormalities that occur are excess gastric acid production, impaired movement of the stomach and intestines 12 fingers, stomach and intestines 12 fingers that are too sensitive. Whereas in organic dyspepsia, there are underlying abnormalities, such as ulcers in the stomach and duodenum due to excessive use of pain relievers or due to infection with the bacterium Helicobacter pylori.


Antacids are drugs that work by neutralizing stomach acid. This drug has the effect of quickly relieving gastric pain, in acute gastric pain, but the use of antacids can cause the body to increase the production of stomach acid, therefore the use of antacids is recommended only during acute heartburn and not taken as a single drug.


Ranitidine is a histamine H2 blocker that suppresses gastric acid production. Likewise with omeprazole, which is a class of drugs that suppress gastric acid production which is stronger than ranitidine. For functional dyspesia, generally ranitidine is still sufficient to treat. However, if what happens is organic dyspepsia, such as ulcers in the stomach or duodenum, then omeprazole is an option that should be considered.


Sucralfate is a suspension / solution that serves to coat the inner wall of the stomach or duodenum. The layer formed will protect against irritation caused by stomach acid. Sucralfate is especially indicated for patients with ulcers of the stomach or duodenum because sucralfate can form a "patch" layer that collects at the wound site.


You can buy antacids without a doctor's prescription, while ranitidine, omeprazole, and sucralfate must be prescribed.


You can read the following articles on dyspepsia to add information for you.


That's our explanation, hope it helps you, thank you.

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