The Environment That Causes Malaria?
want to ask? I want to go home for Lebaran tomorrow, well, in my neighbor’s area there is malaria. Can malaria occur because the environment is not clean? Because I have a small child afraid to spread malaria to my child – seeing the environment in the area is not clean. Thanks doc. If you are willing to answer, thank you very much.
Hello Ayu, thank you for asking.
Malaria, as you know, is a systemic infectious disease caused by the Plasmodium parasite, which is found in the body of Anopheles mosquitoes. Malaria parasites develop in mosquitoes to a certain extent. When mosquitoes bite humans, these parasites enter the human bloodstream. Then the malaria parasite will remain in the heart. When parasites begin to multiply, parasites come out of the liver and attack red blood cells. This is what causes malaria symptoms. Symptoms can occur about 2 weeks or several months after getting Anopheles mosquito bite. Symptoms include chills, followed by high fever, then cold sweat, and the temperature returns to normal.
First you have to make sure first, whether the area where you live into the malaria endemic area. Not all provinces in Indonesia have malaria cases. Malaria only occurs if there are Anopheles mosquitoes in your area of residence. Make sure first, whether your neighbor gets malaria while in your area of residence or when traveling outside the area. Generally provinces in Eastern Indonesia have many malaria endemic areas.
Malaria is not transmitted through touch or in close contact with sufferers. Malaria is transmitted through mosquito bites, or transmitted from mother to fetus, transmitted from blood transfusions containing malaria parasites, or transmitted through the use of shared needles. Consult with your pediatrician to ask what medicines your child can take and as a preventative measure, if indeed your area is endemic. In addition, use clothing that covers the body, sleep with a mosquito net, and use lotion or insect repellent oil.
Hopefully this answer can help you. Regards.