The Face Has A Streak, Small Bumps Appear On The Face And Hyperpigmentation?
In the afternoon, I am 19 years old. My skin type is dry, I always have problems with blackheads, bruntusan, clogged pores, such as closed comedones, hyperpigmentation, uneven skin tones, but currently using a moisturizer containing Plant Derived Squalane so that my dry skin problem has been resolved. But I want to get rid of pores and clogged pores (closed comedones). And if I can, I want to solve the problem of hyperpigmentation and un-even skin tone at the same time. But I am confused, should I buy a serum that contains salicylic acid / mandelic acid / azelaic acid / lactic acid? My skin is sensitive sometimes and sometimes it isn’t. Please explain the contents “that I mentioned and recommendations for my skin. Thank you ^^
Hello, jessica.utami, thank you for asking HealthReplies.com.
Concealed, small bumps appear on the skin of the face, can be caused by several possible causes:
1. Blackheads / open comedones
2. Whitehead / blackheads closed
3. Acne vulgaris
5. Allergic reactions
6. Certain drug reactions
7. Contact dermatitis
Hyperpigmentation is a condition in which an area of skin is darker than the surrounding skin. This can be due to excess sun exposure to an area, post-inflammatory conditions (for example after recovering from acne or other types of skin inflammation), or melasma (due to hormonal changes).
Uneven skin tone is a condition where the skin tone is uneven and is influenced by several factors, such as aging, sun exposure, the influence of certain drugs, and hormones.
The possible causes of these bumps and congestion are still very diverse and the treatment varies. In addition, the cause of hyperpigmentation and uneven skin tone also has several possibilities. So, it is necessary to determine the cause first. To determine the cause, a direct examination by a doctor is required. The Doctor will ask you about everything related to your complaint. In addition, the doctor will physically examine the skin abnormalities that have occurred and if necessary, additional examinations will be carried out. Treatment will be given according to the results of the examination, the cause, and the severity of the condition.
Meanwhile, chemical exfoliators are chemicals that are useful in accelerating skin regeneration by exfoliating dead skin cells or cleaning the skin from dirt and oil. Broadly speaking, there are 2 types of chemical exfoliators, namely AHA (alpha hydoxy acid) and BHA (beta hydroxyl acid). AHAs are water-soluble acids, which are generally useful for improving mild hyperpigmentation (eg darkening due to age, melasma, and wounds), large pores, fine wrinkles, or uneven skin tone. Types of AHAs include glycolic acid, lactic acid, mandelic acid, tartaric acid, etc. Meanwhile, BHA is an oil-soluble acid, so BHA can enter deeper into the pores to remove dead skin cells and reduce oil, which is why BHA is more often used in the treatment of inflammation and acne. Types of BHA are salicylic acid and citric acid.
So the use of AHA or BHA depends on the needs, if you want to improve uneven skin tone and hyperpigmentation you should use AHA, and if you want to reduce acne it is more advisable to use BHA. You can use AHA and BHA alternately every day, or use BHA on oily skin areas and AHA on dry skin areas. Concomitant use and improper dosage concentrations can increase the risk of skin irritation and skin drying. To be safer, you should consult a doctor / dermatologist.
Read the articles on the hyperlinks for more information. Also read the articles "moisturizer according to skin type", "how to care for skin", "skin type and how to treat it".
Skian, I hope it's useful.
Greetings, dr. Sarah Rizqia.