The First Treatment For Anaphylactic Shock Without Medical Equipment?
Good morning doctor. Want to ask, if we find a patient with analfilatic shock while in the middle of the forest and we as helpers do not bring medical drugs. How are you handled? Please explain. Thank you.
Anaphylactic shock is a condition where there is a severe and extreme allergic reaction throughout the body. The anaphylactic condition is an emergency that requires prompt and precise medical treatment to save lives (in minutes). Medical treatment by a doctor or specialist (other medical personnel) is very helpful in avoiding the worst complications of this anaphylactic shock.
In principle, the treatment of anaphylactic shock is by =
Pay attention to the airway, make sure the patient can breathe by loosening the shirt and tie, opening the oxygen tube (if available), performing chest decompression or administering an air mask. In extreme cases, it can be done to save lives.
Adrenaline injection. Adrenaline is a drug that is able to stabilize severe anaphylactic shock conditions immediately, sometimes it needs to be repeated depending on the severity of the shock.
Administration of intravenous fluids and cardiac monitoring.
In a condition where there is a shock on the spot without the availability of medical assistance or other medical equipment, what you can do is =
Get help immediately. Contact the nearest medical personnel to immediately help you and the shock sufferer.
Ask the patient (if still able to communicate) or immediately look for an available epinephrine injection. In general, people with anaphylactic shock are aware of their bad allergic condition and are advised to always carry epipen (pen filled with epinephrine).
If epinephrine is not available, nasal spray pseudoephedrine / penileephrine can be given 8-10 drops / spray every 15 minutes. Steroid administration can also help.
Keep the patient's airway so that they can breathe. It is helpful to provide oxygen if it is available.
Perform CPR (chest compressions, preferably by a trained professional) in the event of stopping breathing.
Give salbutamol inhaler for congestion.
And also include the administration of antihistamines for allergic conditions.
Immediately evacuate the shock sufferer to the medical place.
It is highly recommended for explorers with or without a history of allergies to always carry first aid preparations not only in cases of accidents but also for other life-threatening cases.
I hope this helps.