The Impact Of CMV Infection On Child Development?
my child is 1 year old check the lab results show anti cmv igg positive 206 and anti cmv IgM negative. r nWhat does this mean and does this have an impact on our child’s development and what should we do?
Hi Abidzar, thank you for the question for HealthReplies.com
Your child's laboratory results can mean 2 things, first is that your child has had a previous CMV infection and now the infection is no longer active, second is that your child still has immunity to CMV from his mother (usually it disappears at the age of 12 months and over. ).
If indeed your child has had CMV infection before, it is necessary to estimate when your child will have CMV infection. There are 3 possibilities, first your child will get CMV infection from the womb (congenital CMV), get CMV infection soon after birth (perinatal CMV), or get CMV infection in an unknown time.
Children can develop congenital CMV if the mother is infected with CMV while pregnant. Most babies who have congenital CMV can be born healthy, but 10% of the population of babies with congenital CMV who are born healthy will experience some problems in the months to the next few years, for example there can be mental retardation, learning disabilities, vision problems, hearing loss, and other developmental disorders. In a small proportion, babies with congenital CMV will already have problems from birth, for example premature birth, low birth weight, yellow babies, enlarged liver and spleen, skin with purple spots or red rash, microcephaly (small head), lung infections ( pneumonia), or seizures.
Children can develop perinatal CMV infection if they are infected with this virus soon after the baby is born, for example through cervical fluids when passing through the birth canal, breast milk, or blood products. In the case of perinatal CMV, most babies do not experience any symptoms, but in a small proportion of babies, symptoms can occur such as pneumonia, sepsis, enlarged liver and spleen, anemia, thrombocytopenia, etc.
Children can also become infected with CMV through contact with blood, saliva, urine and other body fluids. If the child is not infected in the womb or soon after birth, most children will not show any symptoms. The risk of developing long-term symptoms and side effects is very small in this condition.
The impact of CMV infection on your child's development depends on when the child is infected. We recommend that you return the laboratory test results to the pediatrician who asks for an examination for further evaluation and management.
So much information from me, hopefully it will be enough to answer
dr. irna cecilia