The Level Of Danger Of Diarrhea In Infants?
I want to ask, is there an indicator what percentage of the incidence of diarrhea in infants in Indonesia is considered dangerous / worrying? And are there any indicators for the safe incidence of diarrhea in infants in Indonesia?
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Babies are one of the age groups that are more prone to diarrhea because their digestive tract is still very sensitive. This diarrhea can occur due to various causes, ranging from mild to needing serious treatment in the hospital. Here are some of the most common causes of diarrhea in babies:
Infections, for example due to E. coli, Shigella, Cholera, Salmonella, Giardiasis, Rotavirus, and so on
Food malabsorption or intolerance
Celiac disease, and so on
In the medical realm, epidemiological studies are often carried out to evaluate the incidence of diarrhea in the community, including in infants. This epidemiological study is generally not carried out in general, but is specific based on the cause of the diarrhea. There is no specific standard for the incidence of diarrhea that is still considered safe, and what is considered dangerous. However, in general, here are the benchmarks that are used as standards for classifying, outbreaks related to diarrhea, or other diseases (according to the Ministry of Health):
A disease arises that was not previously present in a certain area
There was an increase in the incidence of disease or death due to disease continuously for 3 consecutive periods
There was an increase in the incidence of illness or death from disease more than 2 times compared to the previous time period
There is a number of new disease sufferers in 1 month which shows an increase of more than 2 times when compared to the average figure per month or the previous year
There was an increase in the average incidence of disease per month for 1 year which increased more than 2 times compared to the average monthly rate of the previous year
CFR (case fatality rate) of a disease in a certain period of time that has increased by 50% or more compared to the CFR of the previous period
The proportional rate of new sufferers from a certain period increases more than 2 times compared to the same period from the previous period or year
For several types of causes of diarrhea, for example cholera (caused by Vibrio cholera), every time there has been an increase in cases from the previous period, or every time there are 1 or more new sufferers where in the previous 4 weeks the area was declared free from cholera, it can be considered an outbreak. This outbreak indirectly reflects the general health status of the community. Therefore, if an outbreak of a disease is found, including one marked by diarrhea, it is necessary to carry out further research to detect the cause, location, patient characteristics, and various other aspects so that comprehensive interventions can be carried out so that the outbreak can be reduced.
That's all our explanation. For more details, you should consult directly with an epideniologist, doctor, or pediatrician.
I hope this helps.