The Likelihood Of Glaucoma Is Passed Down To Children?
Hello, annisafh, thank you for asking HealthReplies.com.
Glaucoma is damage to the optic nerve that causes decreased visual field to blindness. There are many types of glaucoma and timely treatment can reduce the risk of blindness.
Several conditions can increase a person's chances of developing glaucoma, for example:
1. Age over 40 years
2. Have a family history of glaucoma sufferers
3. Asian, African, Hispanic race
4. Have nearsightedness (myopia) or farsightedness (hypermetropy)
5. Have a history of injury to the eye
6. Routinely take steroids in the long term
7. Having other comorbidities such as diabetes, high blood pressure, migraine
8. Has the following conditions in the eye: high eye pressure, thin cornea in the center, thinning of the optic nerve
If you have more than 1 risk factor that has been mentioned above, you can consult an ophthalmologist about the risk of developing glaucoma and have an eye examination to determine the condition. If you have eye complaints (for example, pain, blurred vision, red and watery eyes, etc.), immediately consult a doctor, especially an eye specialist.
The following things can be done to prevent blindness due to glaucoma (especially in people who have more risk factors):
1. Have regular eye examinations, the recommendation is for those under 40 years of age to have their eyes checked every 2 to 4 years, and in people with high risk it is recommended to check their eyes every 1-2 years after the age of 35 years. If the routine examination shows signs that point to glaucoma, then therapy (for example, special eye drops or oral medication) will prevent worsening of the optic nerve damage. The use of these drugs must be regular and in accordance with a doctor's prescription.
2. Exercise regularly. What is recommended is moderate intensity exercise, such as brisk walking or jogging, 3-4x / week.
3. Protect your eyes from injury, especially if you have a job that is at risk of eye injury.
That's all, hopefully it's useful.
Greetings, dr. Sarah Rizqia.