The Main Treatment In Diabetes?
Greetings, I’m bayu
Good evening, thanks for the question
The main treatment in diabetes mellitus (which can later lead to KAD conditions if blood sugar is very uncontrolled) includes not only drugs, but also with lifestyle modifications including diet and exercise. In patients who are hospitalized with complications, one of them is diabetic ketoacidosis (KAD), then generally the nutrition department of the hospital has a special protocol for planning the patient's diet during treatment.
The recommended standard is food with a composition:
1. Carbohydrates 45 - 65%
2. Protein 15-20%
3. Fat 20-25%
The recommended amount of cholesterol is <300 mg / day, where fat comes from unsaturated fatty acid sources (MUFA = Mono Unsaturated Fatty Acid), and limits PUFA (Poly Unsaturated Fatty Acid) and saturated fatty acids. Then the amount of fiber content + 25 g / day, preferably soluble fiber.
The number of calories calculated depends on the sex and weight of the patient and then also adjusted to the patient's physical activity, metabolic conditions, and so on. Patients with diabetes are also advised to consult with a nutritionist at the hospital for planning the next diet at home, but in general the principle is the same as previously explained.
Meanwhile post-treatment is also recommended to do daily physical activities and regular exercise (3-5 times a week for less
more 30-60 minutes at least 150 minutes / week moderate intensity). Daily activities such as walking to the market, using stairs, gardening, must be carried out.
That's all, hope you can help.