The Possibility Of Being Exposed To HIV And The Test Results Will Show Negative?
Hello, at that time I had my first sex anal / anal, after 8 months I did a HIV test and the results were negative, at that time I was not sure so in 3 months or 11 months I did another test and the results were negative, is that enough? if I’m already HIV-free and what I’m not sure about, I often have colds, the next day I have a cold, the next day it subsides a little for almost 1 month I’m like this, and sometimes on my penis 2 there are regular pimples, I pressed it because I wondered if it still had symptoms HIV or other disease, please enlighten him
Hello good morning Ranosc.
HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is a virus that attacks the immune system (immune system) to fight a disease. If a person is infected with HIV and does not get proper early treatment, the disease will develop into AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). AIDS is the final stage of HIV infection, where the body's immunity to fight the disease has completely disappeared. What is very important to remember about this disease is that until now there has not been found a drug that can cure HIV. The drugs currently used for HIV sufferers are drugs to slow the progression of the disease only, so it is hoped that people with HIV can survive longer and can carry out normal activities.
HIV is transmitted through the body fluids of the sufferer (sperm, vaginal, anal, blood, and breast milk) in the following ways:
through unsafe sexual relations (not using barriers / safety) with people living with HIV, including anal sex and oral sex
use of used syringes with HIV
use of sex aids together with people living with HIV
get blood transfusions from people with HIV
transmission from a mother who has HIV to her baby during pregnancy, during childbirth, or while breastfeeding
To check whether a person is infected with HIV, tests are performed to detect antibodies to the HIV virus in the blood. These antibodies began to appear in sufferers as early as 1 month after risky treatment to 6 months after risky action. In your case where you have done 2 checks, namely 8 months after the risky action and 11 months after the risky action, then it is likely that you are not infected with HIV as long as you do not repeat risky actions after that. However, if within 11 months you take the risky action again, it could be that the negative result is a false negative result, because in HIV there is a window period, where antibodies have not been formed (the fastest is formed 1 month after risky action up to 6 months. after risky action, as previously described).
To reconfirm your condition, you need an in-person examination by a doctor. We cannot conclude with certainty because conclusions on the condition can only be made by the doctor who examined you directly.
Regarding a cold cough that you complain of frequently recurring, the trigger can be in the form of physical condition that is not fit, fatigue, lack of rest, being infected by people around you, not getting enough vitamins from healthy and nutritious food and so on. Recurring colds and coughs can also occur due to an allergic reaction (eg allergies to dust, cigarette smoke, pollen, etc.). Regarding the presence of skin disorders such as acne around the penis can be folliculitis (inflammation of the hair follicles), genital warts (sexually transmitted infection), fordyce spots (a normal condition), etc. Check yourself to confirm the diagnosis of your condition.
That's all, hope it helps.
Greetings, dr. Denisa