The Possibility Of Contracting Tuberculosis Despite Getting BCG Vaccine In Children?
Does the child “who has received the BCG vaccine can still contract TB, because his grandmother is now suffering from TB disease and is still undergoing outpatient treatment.
Hello Chess, thank you for asking at HealthReplies.com.
BCG vaccination that has been given to children in the age range 0-2 months after birth is not able to prevent the child for a lifetime from being exposed to tuberculosis, but this vaccination can help prevent severe conditions if the child is exposed to tuberculosis later in life.
Because the possibility for the child to contract tuberculosis is still present, it is strongly recommended to keep the child away from the grandmother who is still undergoing treatment until at least the grandmother has passed the intensive treatment period (the first 2 months of TB treatment) properly and regularly.
If it is difficult to distance, it can be helped to ensure:
The grandmother took medication regularly without missing as advised by a doctor
The grandmother always uses a standard medical mask when interacting with other family members, especially when close to the child
Make sure if the grandmother coughs or sneezes, her mouth or nose is covered using elbows or tissue and discards sputum / tissue where it should be, and wash your hands after the activity with soap for at least 20 seconds
Ensuring good air ventilation in the residence and sun exposure into the house is also good
Check with other family members, including the child, who often make close contact with the patient to the doctor to evaluate whether transmission occurs or not
I hope this helps.