The Results Of Examinations On The Nose Are Sensitive And Secrete Brownish Yellow Liquid?

Illustration of The Results Of Examinations On The Nose Are Sensitive And Secrete Brownish Yellow Liquid?
Illustration: The Results Of Examinations On The Nose Are Sensitive And Secrete Brownish Yellow Liquid? houstonent.com

A good afternoon ,

1 Answer:

Hello Indrasaputra,


Sinusitis is inflammation that occurs in the paranasal sinuses. Now it is often called rhinosinusitis because inflammation that occurs in the paranasal sinuses is almost always followed by inflammation of the nasal mucosa. Paranasal sinuses form from pneumatization of the bones of the head so that cavities form within the bone. Paranasal sinuses are 4 pairs, the largest sinus is the maxillary sinus, then the frontal sinus, etmoid sinus, and sphenoid sinus. Paranasal sinuses have a fluid flow system that empties into the nasal cavity, this estuary complex is called the ostio-meatal complex (KOM).


Sinusitis that occurs> 12 weeks is called chronic sinusitis. Sinusitis that lasts for 2-4 weeks is called acute sinusitis. Symptoms of sinusitis in adults include:

Nasal congestion
Runny nose and purulent (thick greenish yellow), the feeling of swallowing runny nose
Pain in the face
Smell / smell smell
Headache
Fever
Bad breath

The cause of sinusitis can be infection and non-infection. The infection is most often caused by a virus, then followed by bacteria and fungi (rarely). Non-infectious causes are allergies, irritation, abnormalities in nasal structure, trauma to the nose, ciliary disorders (hair vibrations in the inner lining) Septal deviation, nasal polyps, weak body immunity, chemotherapy, use of certain drugs, systemic diseases (sarcoidosis, Wegener's granulomatosis, etc.) can increase a person's risk of developing sinusitis.


The diagnosis of sinusitis in adults is established if based on the history obtained> = 2 sinusitis symptoms, one of which must be in the form of a blockage (nasal congestion) or the appearance of nasal secretions with or without pain (pressure) on the face or impaired function of the nose. Investigations carried out for the diagnosis of sinusitis are nasal endoscopy, facial x-rays, CT-scan, MRI, allergy testing.


Treatment of medical sinusitis (symptomatic, reduces infection) and surgery. Symptomatic therapy aims to reduce the symptoms of patients, namely by giving decongestants, corticosteroids, pain relievers, antihistamines. Infection is managed by administering antibiotics (bacteria) or antifungals. Other therapies that can reduce symptoms are nasal irrigation with 0.9% NaCl and compressing the sinus area with warm water. Surgery is performed if there is no improvement in symptoms after adequate drug treatment, chronic sinusitis with cyst formation or other permanent disorders, the presence of extensive nasal polyps, sinusitis due to fungal infections, or the presence of other sinusitis complications. The type of surgery that is now most commonly done is Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery (FESS).


In addition to the above treatments, sinusitis patients should prevent repeated upper respiratory tract infections, wear masks when outdoors, stop smoking, use a room humidifier.


Please consult further with an ENT specialist for sinusitis. Thus the explanation from me, hopefully useful.

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