The Results Of Reactive Hepatitis B Examination After Being Pricked By A Needle Used By The Patient?
Tonight, my friend has had the HBsag vaccine in the last 2016, the vaccine is complete. However, he was punctured by a needle from hepatitis orgasm, when it was cleaned in running water using betadin and alcohol and he was given hyperthermal medicine if I’m not mistaken before 24 hours. And after checking the antihbsag, the results were positive. My question is whether he is infected with hepatitiis B because of the previous results. thank you
Hello Boksa Thank you for asking HealthReplies.com.
Hepatitis B is an inflammation of the liver that is caused by hepatitis B infection, several examinations for hepatitis virus markers can be done, for example:
HBsAg or Hepatitis B Surface Antigen, is the first marker to appear, the test results can be + or -. The + result indicates hepatitis B infection, and the result - indicates no hepatitis B infection. However, this marker can + in either I or chronic infections. HBcAg or Hepatitis B core antigen, is a marker used to detect the core "core" of the hepatitis B virus. Usually this examination is done if your HBsAg test has a positive result. A positive HBcAg examination is a sign of a chronic infection or a recovery phase from active Hepatitis B infection. Anti-HBsAg or Hepatitis B antibody surface antigen is a test done to see the presence of antibodies or the immune system against Hepatits B virus infection. With + or reactive results this means that you have antibodies or immunity to hepatitis B. A positive or reactive test result can also indicate that you have had the hepatitis B vaccination or are currently recovering from hepatitis B infection. In cases of needling with hepatitis people, usually people who have hepatitis it must be seen from the marker. Whether the person is infected with heptitis B which is usually characterized by reactive or positive HBsAg. If a patient with HBsAg reactive needles is accidentally punctured, it is best to prevent infection.
Prevention of infection can be done with immunization that you have previously received or what is called Active immunization. In addition to active immunization, passive immunization can also be given, namely giving Hepatitis B Immunoglobulin or HBIG or in your case the HyperHep B vaccination. In addition, the first aid that has been done by washing in running water and cleaning with alcohol is the right action. Then you can read about the article: Hepatitis B Vaccination
To find out whether there is transmission or not, your friend can check with the doctor again for HBsAg markers 6 months after the needle sticking event. And the possibility of transmission or not depends on the status of the person who has hepatitis, as I explained earlier whether the person suffering from hepatitis has reactive HBsAg or not, and is in an acute or infectious (infectious) phase or not. However, if you have done the previous vaccination, it will usually be detected on a positive Anti HBsAg blood test, then the risk of being infected with hepatitis B is quite small because your body already has a body immunity.
So many answers from us. May be useful.