The Risk Of Being Infected With Rabies When A Child Is Bitten By A Cat?
Mlm, I want to ask this afternoon my child who is 11 months old was scratched by a cat, I think he could have contracted rabies or not then is it necessary for anti-rabies injections, thank you
Thank you for asking HealthReplies.com.
Rabies is an infection caused by the Lyssavirus virus. This virus most often infects dogs, although it is also possible to transmit through other animals, such as cats, monkeys, goats, cows, horses, bats, and so on. The rabies virus is mainly present in the saliva of infected animals. Transmission to humans usually occurs through bites, scratches, licks, and even droplets of saliva that get into the eyes or open wounds on human skin. Animal scratches can cause rabies transmission because animals often put their hands and nails into their mouths, so there is a large potential for virus-containing saliva to be exposed to animal nails.
Judging from the information you provide, it is possible that your child has the potential to contract rabies from the cat's scratch he has had. However, before worrying too much, you should first confirm whether the cat that scratched your child has rabies or not. Because, only cats with rabies can transmit rabies to humans. If not, then transmission will not occur.
The following are signs of a cat with rabies:
Excessive salivating Acting aggressively, namely biting and scratching anything you see. Seizures, then paralyzed, and dies soon after. If the cat that scratched your child shows these characteristics, you should check your child directly to the doctor so that he will be given the anti-rabies vaccine. This vaccine is also recommended if after being scratched by a cat, your child shows symptoms of rabies, such as fever, weakness, nausea, vomiting, sore and inflamed scars, restlessness, excessive sweating, and so on. The doctor will conduct a check first regarding your child's general health condition. If it is suspected that your child has the potential to catch rabies, then the vaccine will be given. The doctor will also do an examination to identify the possibility of your child having other diseases that can be transmitted through a cat scratch, for example tetanus, lymphadenitis, and so on.
In the meantime, it's a good idea to properly clean any cuts on your child's skin that arose from previous cat scratches. Breastfeed your child and give him healthy and nutritious solids to support his immune system.
Hope it helps ..
dr. Nadia Nurotul Fuadah